Hobson DD- 464 - Historie

Hobson DD- 464 - Historie

Hobson

(DD-464: dp. 1630, 1. 348'1 "b. 36'1"; dr. 15'S "; s. 38 k. Cpl. 208; a. 4 5", 4 1.1 ", 5 21" tt., 5 dcp., 2 dct .; cl. Bristol)

Hobson (DD-464) blev lanceret af Charleston Navy Yard, Charleston, S.C., 8. september 1941; sponsoreret af fru R. P. Hobson, enke efter kontreadmiral Hobson, og bestilt den 22. januar 1942, komdr. N. McFarlane i kommando.

Efter omfattende shakedown og træningsoperationer i Casco Bay, Maine, sluttede den nye destroyer sig til veteranbæreren Ranger i Norfolk og sejlede 1. juli for at eskortere hende til Afrika. Med en vital last på 72 P 40 -fly ankom Ranger sikkert via Trinidad, læssede flyene af og vendte tilbage med Hobson 5. august 1942. Destroyeren gennemførte derefter træningsøvelser ud for Newport og Norfolk indtil den 3. oktober, da hun forlod Norfolk til Bermuda på escorttjeneste.

Da de allierede forberedte sig på at lande i Nordafrika i et modigt amfibisk angreb over Atlanterhavet, sluttede Hobson sig til Center Attack Group. Hendes vigtigste job var at skærme og beskytte Ranger, mens transportørens mobile luftstrøm understøttede angrebet. Med afgang 25. oktober fra Bermuda ankom I Hobson n's gruppe ud for Fedhala 8. november, og efterhånden som landingen fortsatte, gav den den nødvendige luftstøtte. Rangers fly ramte landbatterier, ubevægeligt fransk slagskib Jean Bart og hjalp senere med at vende angrebet fra franske skibe på transportområdet tilbage. Hobson screenede Ranger, indtil hun sejlede 11. november til Norfolk forlod de allierede, 'fuldt kommandant over angrebsområdet.

Da hun vendte tilbage til Norfolk 27. november 1942, deltog destroyeren i øvelser i Casco Bay, senere dampende med en konvoj til Canal Zone i december. Skibet sluttede sig igen til Ranger i begyndelsen af ​​1943, og patruljegruppen mod ubåde sejlede 8. januar for at patruljere i det vestlige Atlanterhav. Grupper som Ranger's gjorde meget for at beskytte den allieredes skibsfart i Atlanterhavet mod U-både og bidrog stærkt til den endelige sejr i Europa. Typisk for Hobsons alsidige præstation var hendes redning af en gruppe overlevende fra SS St. Margaret ud for Bermuda 2. marts 1943.

I april ankom en Hobson og Ranger til Argentia og begyndte operationer ud af basen. Skibene gav luftdækning til konvojer og antisubmaripatrulje, og havde i juli 1943 æren af ​​at konvojere HMS Queen Mary og transportere premierminister Churchill til Quebec -konferencen. Veteran -destroyeren ankom Boston 27. juli for at forberede sig på nye opgaver.

Hobson sejlede med Ranger og andre skibe 5. august for at slutte sig til den britiske hjemmeflåde ved Scapa Flow. Da hun ankom 19. august opererede hun under Royal Navy -ordrer i nordlige farvande og hjalp med at dække livsvigtige forsyningskonvojer til Rusland. Mens hun var på Scapa Flow 21. september, blev hun inspiceret af sekretær for Navy Knox og admiral Stark. Hobson ledsagede Ranger på et vovet raid 2. 4. oktober 1943, da luftfartsselskabsfly udførte et ødelæggende angreb på tysk skibsfart i Bodo, Norge. Efter denne operation fortsatte destroyeren med Home Fleet. Hun screenede HMS Formidable under flyveoperationer I november og efter to konvojsejladser til Island vendte tilbage til Boston og amerikansk kontrol 3. december 1943.

I løbet af de første 2 måneder af 1944 uddannede Hobson sig i Chesapeake Bay og opererede med transportører mellem østkysten og Bermuda. Hun sluttede sig til eskortebæreren Bogue og andre ledsagere i Norfolk, med afgang den 26. februar. Disse jæger-dræbergrupper spillede en stor rolle i at køre tyske U-både fra søbanerne, og dette krydstogt var ingen undtagelse. Efter at have patruljeret i over 2 uger, opdagede ødelæggerne en oliesmæk, fik sonarkontakt og påbegyndte dybdeladningsangreb om eftermiddagen den 13. marts. Vejrrapporterende ubåd U ~ 575 blev alvorligt beskadiget og blev tvunget til at dukke op, hvorefter skud fra Hobson og de andre skibe sank hende. Efter yderligere antisubmarine fejer så langt øst som Azorerne, vendte Hobson tilbage til Boston 2. april.

I et stykke tid havde de allierede opbygget en enorm styrke i England til den endelige invasion af Frankrig, og destroyeren kautionerede 21. april 1944 for at slutte sig til den enorme armada, der ville transportere og beskytte soldaterne. Hun tilbragte en måned på patrulje ved Northern Ire, og da hun ankom Plymouth 21. maj til de sidste forberedelser til invasionen, tildelte kontreadmiral Moon's Utah Beach Assault Group, ankom Hobson fra Normandiet med andre skibe i bombardementsgruppen 0140 6. juni og flammede væk ved tyske landbatterier. I løbet af de tidlige timer ramte Corry en mine og sank, hvorefter Hob ~ on og Fitch skød mod tyske landpositioner, mens de samtidig redde overlevende fra vandet. Hobson fortsatte med at yde kraftfuld brandstøtte, indtil han vendte tilbage til Plymouth senere samme eftermiddag.

Destroyeren var ikke længe ude af kampen, men vendte tilbage den 8. juni for at afskærme overfaldsområdet. Hun fastklemte også svæveflybombernes radiofrekvenser 9.-11. Juni og leverede beskyttelse mod en konvolut. Da de allierede sårt havde brug for en god havn i Frankrig, dampede Hobson til Cherbourg 25. juni for at hjælpe med bombardementet. Hun hørte ved de store batterier, screenede slagskibe Texas og Arkansas; og da slagskibene var faretruende, lavede Hobson og Plunkett dækkende røg, som tillod alle at trække sig tilbage. Et par dage senere besatte de allierede Cherbourg.

Hobsons næste pligt tog hende til Middelhavet; hun ankom til Mers el Kebir, Algeriet, den 11. juli og udførte i en måned konvojopgaver til og fra Taranto, Italien. Hun sluttede sig til kontreadmiral Rodgers Delta Assault Force og sejlede fra Taranto 11. august for invasionen af ​​Sydfrankrig. Tidligt den 15. august fungerede hun som spotter for Nevadas foreløbige bombardement; og, da tropper stormede i land, leverede direkte ildstøtte med sine egne batterier. Destroyeren forblev i overfaldsområdet til næste aften, ankom Palermo 17. august for at påtage sig en middelhavskonvojepligt.

Da den allierede offensiv i Europa tog fart, dampede Hobson som en konvoj -eskorte mellem Algeriet, Italien og Frankrig og beskyttede vitale forsyninger og tropper. Hun sejlede til USA 25. oktober 1944 og ankom Charleston via Bermuda 10. november Der gik hun ind i søværftet og blev konverteret til destroyer-mine fejemaskine og omklassificerede DMS-26, 15. november 1944. Gennem december gennemgik hun forsøg og shakedown uddannelse ud for Charleston og Norfolk.

Hobson sejlede 4. januar 1945 via Panamakanalen for at slutte sig til søstyrken indsat mod Japan i Stillehavet. Ved ankomsten til Pearl Harbor 11. februar gennemgik skibet yderligere minekrigsuddannelse, inden det sejlede 24. februar til Eniwetok og en del i den sidste og største af Stillehavets amfibieoperationer, Okinawa.

Sejlede 19. marts med minestrygningsgruppen, og Hobson obson ankom Okinawa i god tid før overfaldstropperne for at feje landområder og blev ofte angrebet af japansk fly ~. Da angrebet begyndte den 1. april, tog skibet også patruljeopgaver og sørgede for natbelysning i kampagnens første kritiske dage. Da desperate fjendtlige selvmordsangreb blev slået tilbage med store tab, blev Hobson kaldet den 13. april til at optage en radarpiketstation, hvor Mannert L. Abele var blevet sænket i et kraftigt angreb den foregående nat. Hun fortsatte picket og fejede pligt til den 16. april, da endnu et selvmordsangreb nærmede sig omkring kl. 0900. Hobson sprøjtede en af ​​angriberne, men en anden styrtede ned på Pringle og forårsagede en voldsom eksplosion. Kun minutter senere blev et andet fly sprøjtet lige ud for Hobsons styrbord side, men hendes bombe eksploderede på hoveddækket og startede en større brand. Skibet skød stadig på kamikazes og genoprettede magten, bekæmpede brande og hentede over 100 overlevende fra den sunkne Pringle. Efter angrebet forankrede hun ved Kerma Retto og vendte tilbage til Ulithi 29. april og Pearl Harbor 16. maj. Hobson sejlede derefter via San Diego og Canal Zone til Norfolk Naval Shipyard, hvor hun ankom 16. juni 1945 til reparation.

Japans overgivelse kom med, at C stadig var under reparation, og efter at have afsluttet shakedown -uddannelse brugte hun februar 1946 på minefejringsoperationer ud af Yorktown, VA. Resten af ​​året blev brugt på træning og beredskabsøvelser i Caribien og ud for Norfolk. Indtil 1950 fortsatte skibet med at operere ud for østkysten og i caribiske farvande på amfibie- og minekrigsoperationer. I slutningen af ​​1948 besøgte hun Argentina og Halifax om minestrygning med canadiske skibe.

Med udbruddet af den koreanske konflikt i juni 1950 blev Hobsons træningsplan intensiveret. Hun deltog i amfibieøvelser ud for North Carolina og i Puerto Rico 1950-51 og deltog i transportoperationer som flyvagt og screeningskib. Under en sådan ration, med carrier Wasp, dampede a i formation 700 miles vest for Azorerne natten til den 26. april 1952. Mens skibene drejede i vinden, så Wasp kunne genoprette fly, krydsede Hobson transportørens stævn fra styrbord til havn og blev ramt midtskibe. Kollisionens kraft rullede destroyeren-minestrygeren
over, bryde hende i to. Rodman og Wasp reddede mange overlevende, men skibet og 176 af hendes besætning gik tabt, herunder hendes kommandant, Lt. Comdr. W. J. Tierney. Således endte det med en tragedie den lange karriere for et galant skib. Hobson modtog seks slagstjerner for Anden Verdenskrigs tjeneste og deltog i præsidentenhedens citat tildelt skibene i Bogue antisubmarine task group i Atlanterhavet.


Hobson DD- 464 - Historie

Præsidenten i USA glæder sig over at præsentere PRESIDENTIAL UNIT CITATION for

& ldquoFor fremragende præstationer i kamp mod fjendtlige ubåde i Atlanterhavsområdet fra 20. april 1943 til 3. juli 1944. Udførelse af kraftfuld og vedvarende offensiv aktion i en periode med tunge tyske undersøiske koncentrationer, der truer vores uafbrudte strøm af forsyninger til European Theatre of operationer, USS BOGUE, hendes indskudte fly og hendes ledsagere fulgte fjendens pakker ubarmhjertigt, og ved urokkelig årvågenhed, vedvarende aggressivitet og perfekt samarbejde mellem alle involverede enheder sank et bemærkelsesværdigt antal fjendtlige U-både. Den suveræne ledelse af BOGUE og den galante ånd hos officerer og mænd, der kæmpede mod hendes fly og bemandede hendes eskortefartøjer, var stort set medvirkende til at tvinge fuldstændig tilbagetrækning af fjendtlige ubåde fra forsyningsruter, der er afgørende for opretholdelsen af ​​vores etablerede militære overherredømme. & Rdquo

USA sender Bogue, Lea, Greene, Belknap, Osmond Ingram, George E. Badger og VC-9 fra 20. april til 20. juni 1943.

USA sender Bogue, Osmond Ingram, George E. Badger, Clemson og VC-9 fra 12. juli til 23. august 1943.

USA sender Bogue, Osmond Ingram, George E. Badger, Clemson, Dupont og VC-19 fra 14. november til 29. december 1943.

USA sender Bogue, Haverfield, Swenning, Willis, Hobson (indtil 25. marts), Janssen (indtil 7. april) og VC-95 fra 26. februar til 19. april 1944.

USA sender Bogue, Haverfield, Swenning, Willis, Janssen, F. W. Robinson og VC-69 fra 4. maj til 3. juli 1944.

/ s/ James Forrestal
Sekretær for Søværnet

Kilde: NARA Modern Military Records (NECTM). Tekstlige arkiver Services Division.


Hobson DD- 464 - Historie

Det U.S.S. Hobson (DD-464), a Handsker-klasse destroyer blev bygget på Charleston Navy Yard og taget i brug kort efter udbruddet af 2. verdenskrig. Under krigen så hun handling i Nordafrika, det vestlige Atlanterhav og på D-Day. Sidst i 1944 blev hun konverteret til en destroyer-minestryger og omklassificeret DMS-26. Efter denne konvertering så hun kraftig handling nær Okinawa, hvor hun led betydelige tab og skader fra fjendens selvmordsangreb. Reparationer blev afsluttet efter Anden Verdenskrig og Hobson tiltrådte som destroyer-minestryger med Atlanterhavsflåden.

Natten til den 26. april 1952 blev Hobson var et støtteskib til hangarskibet U.S.S. Hveps (CV-18), der udførte flyoperationer 700 miles vest for Azorerne (38 grader 27 minutter nord/41 grader 21 minutter vest). Det var på vej til at besøge 20 forskellige havne i Middelhavet. Det Hveps begyndte en drejning i vinden for at forberede genopretning af fly. Det Hobson nødvendig for at manøvrere for at bevare sin korrekte position i forhold til Hveps. En tragisk fejlberegning fandt sted på Hobson bro den nat. Det Hobson vendte havn i en manøvre, der krævede at krydse stævnen Hveps, i stedet for blot at falde bag Hveps og vende i transportørens vågne. Det Hobson blev ramt midtskibe af Hveps. Kollisionen skar den Hobson i halv. Hun sank på mindre end fem minutter. 176 af hendes besætning gik tabt til søs, mange sov i deres kajer.

Indholdsfortegnelse:

  • Introduktion
  • 176 Tilskadekomne
  • Skibsfæller, der overlevede
  • Til minde om
  • Udgivet historier om USS Hobson
  • Læsernes kommentarer

176 tilskadekomne:

[KWE -note: Anslået anslået 150 besætningsmedlemmer sov, da kollisionen opstod, og skibet sank inden for fire minutter, hvorfor dødeligheden var så høj.]

  1. Allen, William Erby, 20, Columbia, TN
  2. Amico, Michael, 20, Detroit, MI
  3. Antley, Lawrence A., 19, Charleston, SC
  4. Arayes, George, 24, Brooklyn, NY
  5. Baker, David, 18, Elstead, NY
  6. Baker, Harold K., Dansville, NY
  7. Baker, Sam K., 25, Muskogee, OK
  8. Balzer, Andrew J., 21, Beaver Falls, PA
  9. Bass, Arthur J., 21, Mohawk, NY
  10. Becker, Efracio L., 26, Philadelphia, PA
  11. Behnke, Gary R., 19, Royal Oak, MI
  12. Bells, J.C., 27, Wesson, MS
  13. Berry, William J., 21, Spartanburg, SC
  14. Blackburn, Willie R., 25, Blanco, TX
  15. Bloomfield, Louis E., 20, Richmond, VA
  16. Bond, Alvin C., 20, Wichita Falls, TX
  17. Boney, Leroy, 20, Wilmington, NC
  18. Booker, Julian R., 21, Americus, GA
  19. Braunschweig, Wallace J., 21, Beaver Dam, WI
  20. Brennan, John J., 19, Southampton, NY
  21. Breuer, Buell C., 29, Rolla, MO
  22. Brobst, James H. Jr., 22, Allentown, PA
  23. Brooks, Joseph T., 39, Elberton, GA
  24. Brooks, Robert A., 19, Buffalo, NY
  25. Bryant, Clayton E., 18, Houston, TX
  26. Buckner, Earnest B., Alexander City, AL
  27. Burchett, Oscar L. Jr., 22, Nevis, MN
  28. Burr, Dwight L., 20, Wadesboro, NC
  29. Callahan, William T., 38, Zebulon, GA
  30. Carlson, Harold R. Jr., 17, Delavan, WI
  31. Carr, Patrick Eugene, 21, Galesburg, IL
  32. Chrobak, Casimir M., 29, Worchester, MA
  33. Clements, John J. & quotJack & quot Jr., 21, Audubon Park, NJ
  34. Cofer, John Monroe, 34, Cleveland, TN
  35. Cole, Paul L., 21, North Lewisburg, OH
  36. Comins, John P., 22, Reading, PA
  37. Cornell, Richard D., 21, Richmond, VA
  38. Costello, William H., 27, Winchester, MA
  39. Craver, Samuel D., 27, Rochester, NY
  40. Cropsey, Richard L., 23, New York, NY
  41. Crotts, Porter L. Jr., 24, Spindale, NC
  42. Culham, Merrill M., 19, Lansing, MI
  43. Cutler, Donald L., 19, Dover Plains, NY
  44. Davis, Basil, 21, Jacksonville, FL
  45. Davis, Jerry, 20, Kirksville, MO
  46. Degaglia, James D., 19, Norwalk, CT
  47. Deuel, Norman J., 19, Grand Ledge, MI
  48. Dingman, Frank A., 18, Alexandria Bay, NY
  49. Duke, Herman J. Jr., 22, Richmond, VA
  50. Dunst, Joseph, 20, Bronx, NY
  51. Earnst, Samuel P., 22, Brookville, OH
  52. Eisenbrey, Harry Y., 21, Edgely, PA
  53. Eisenach, Robert O., 22, Kenora, Ontario, Canada
  54. Ellis, Roland T., 23, Washington, D.C.
  55. Enfinger, Clevy, 21, Hilton, GA
  56. Erwin, Edward M., 27, Decatur, IL
  57. Fey, James R., 20, Hyattsville, MD
  58. Flannery, James A., 21, Cincinnati, OH
  59. Floyd, Boyd E., 34, Chadbourn, NC
  60. Gleason, James D., 19, Pittsfield, MA
  61. Gould, Theodore III, 23, Lutherville, MD
  62. Grammer, Adron F. Jr., 20, Hughes, AR
  63. Griffin, Roy S. Jr., 23, Lexington, KY
  64. Hannigan, Charles W., 19, Elysian, MN
  65. Hardy, Dow F., 21, Schenectady, NY
  66. Haugen, Harley J., 20, Ironton, MN
  67. Havens, Clifford E., 19, Ogdensburg, NY
  68. Henry, William O., 34, Prince George, VA
  69. Herman, Hugo C., 20, Ashley, ND
  70. Hess, Ned W., 19, Annville, PA
  71. Hogan, William J., 19, Port Huron, MI

Skibsfæller, der overlevede:

[KWE Bemærk: Besætningen på USS hveps reddet 39 overlevende fra USS Hobson og besætningen på USS Rodman reddet 22 overlevende.]

  1. Archer, Leland R., Point Pleasant, NJ
  2. Arnold, Joseph F., Libanon, PA
  3. Arsenault, Joseph H., Chelsea, MA
  4. Boller, Richard G., Unoin, New Jersey
  5. Brooks, Harold M., Detroit, MI
  6. Byers, Walter Ronald, Detroit, MI
  7. Camp, Carter Y., Charleston, SC
  8. Cardwell, Thomas G., Charleston, SC
  9. Carr, Richard K., Bristol, RI
  10. Cummings, Donald E., Aliquippa, PA
  11. Dahlke, Reinhold C. Jr., Buffalo, NY
  12. Denton, Cleo D., Mechanicsburg, PA
  13. Desrosiers, Albert, Fall River, MA
  14. Drury, Donald A., Lockport, NY
  15. Elliott, Edward W., Warszawa, WI
  16. Evans, James H., Steubenville, OH
  17. Gardner, Patrick E., Milwaukee, WI
  18. Hoefer, William A. Jr., Ocean Springs, MS
  19. Iseman, Paul E., Washington, DC
  20. Keleher, Lloyd F., Red Bank, NJ
  21. Kezer, Osman F. Jr., Cedarville, AR
  22. King, James H., Nashville, TN
  23. Lane, Donald D., Buchanan, NY
  24. Lankowski, Edwin I., Grand Rapids, MI
  25. LaQuiere, Arthur G., Charleston, SC
  26. Latter, James B. Jr., Winston Salem, NC
  27. Mahoney, Peter A., ​​Warwick, RI
  28. Mancuso, Paul J., Baltimore, MD
  29. Manning, Harry K., Charleston, SC
  30. McIntyre, James F., Fall River, MA
  31. Moore, Richard C. Sr. (Moore var ny på skibet og ikke opført på den officielle overlevelsesliste.)
  32. Moss, Ellwood S., Mastic Beach, NY
  33. Moss, Irwin I., Brooklyn, NY
  34. Murdock, Kenneth E., Onawa, IA
  35. Myers, Cecil E., Kankakee, IL
  36. Neagley, William C., Mechanicsburg, PA
  37. Nelson, Richard A., Waterville, ME
  38. Niskala, Ernest J. Jr., New York Mills, MN
  39. Noennich, Bertram B., Los Angeles, CA
  40. O'Connor, Francis W., Dorchester, MA
  41. Oliver, George T., Charleston, SC
  42. Oliveri, Vincent J., Lawrence, MA
  43. Maler, Ralph E., Gaffney, SC
  44. Parks, Raymond P., Winter Haven, FL
  45. Price, James B., Coaldale, PA
  46. Proffer, Iredell, Clarkton, MO
  47. Raps, Harry C., Port Washington, NY
  48. Rinck, Anthony J., Jacksonville, IL
  49. Ross, John S., Hillsboro, OH
  50. St. Martin, Jean J., Charleston, SC
  51. Sanford, David D., Starrucca, PA
  52. Savværker, Marion A., Lincoln Park, MI
  53. Schmidt, Arthur H. Jr., Jackson Heights, NY
  54. Shiel, James L., Osage, WVa
  55. Stefanko, James A., Masontown, PA
  56. Stewart, John W. & quotJack & quot, Syracuse, NY
  57. Wycor, John J., Brooklyn, NY
  58. Wasilkowski, Raymond M., Carteret, NJ
  59. Weidner, Leroy R., Union City, PA
  60. White, Von Dale, Elkland, MO
  61. Williams, Frank B. Jr., Charleston, SC
  62. Wilson, Harrison J., Birmingham, AL

Til minde om

[KWE-note: For at tilføje et mindesmærke for din elskede, der døde i forliset af USS Hobson, e-mail Lynnita med tekst og fotografier eller mail til Lynnita Brown, 111 E. Houghton St., Tuscola, IL 61953.]

Udgivet historier om USS Hobson

Minestryger Hobson skåret ned i kollision med bærer af James Donahue

Blandt rædselshistorierne inden for den amerikanske flådes årgang er tabet af minestrygeren Hobson, da den kom i kollision med hangarskibet Wasp i Nordatlanten i 1952. Den 348 fod lange Hobson var ingen match for den massive hveps, blev skåret i to og sank så hurtigt, at det tog 176 sejlere til bunds med det.

Efter at have overlevet aktive søslag i både de europæiske og stillehavsteatre under Anden Verdenskrig, inklusive et kamikaze -angreb, blev Hobson tildelt træningsopgaver ud for Atlanterhavskysten indtil Koreakrigsudbruddet i 1950. Hun blev derefter tildelt Atlanterhavsflåden, yde støtte i amfibieoperationer og flyvagt til luftfartsselskaber.

Hobson mødte sin skæbne den 26. april 1952, mens han var med Destroyer Rodman og ledsager Carrier Wasp på vej til Middelhavet. Omkring kl. den nat var hvepsen ved at genvinde fly fra en rutinemæssig natflyvningsoperation, mens Hobson og Rodman dampede omkring 1000 yards bagefter for at genoprette alle piloter, der måtte være nødt til at droppe.

Da vinden pludselig ændrede sig, vendte hvepsen sig i den, men Hobson kunne ikke modtage drejesignalet og fortsatte med at dampe fremad. Hun dampede følgelig over tværs af modstanderens bue og blev ramt midtskib på styrbord side. Kollisionen vendte Hobson om på sin babord side og splittede det skæbnesvangre skib i to. Aften af ​​minestrygeren svingede rundt og smækkede ind i hvepsens bue og åbnede et gabende hul i transportøren.

Hobson sank inden for få minutter og efterlod en stor olieflet omkring transportøren, som nu stod død i vandet. De fleste i Hobson ’s besætningen lå under dækket, sov, da ulykken skete, og havde aldrig en chance. Der var kun 80 overlevende fra en besætning på 236. Den øverstbefalende døde også. Dem, der gjorde det, greb redningsveste og tømmerflåder kastet ud i det olieslibte vand fra hvepsen og Rodman.

Hvepsen var ikke i fare for at synke og halte hjem efter styrtet. Hullet i hendes styrbordbue var 76 fod langt.

Det var en trist og uventet afslutning for et galant skib. Bestilt i 1942 tjente Hobson i alle større amerikanske flådehandlinger under den europæiske krig og flyttede derefter til Stillehavet, hvor hun overlevede seks blodige engagementer i det teater. Skibet modtog seks Battle Stars og en præsidentenhed.

Læsernes kommentarer

[KWE Bemærk: For at tilføje en kommentar, e-mail Lynnita eller mail til Lynnita Brown, 111 E. Houghton St., Tuscola, IL 61953.]

2002-2016 Koreakrigspædagog. Alle rettigheder forbeholdes. Uautoriseret brug af materiale er forbudt.


Lost-at-sea-memorials.com

Som veteran fra Naval Aviation har jeg på egen hånd været vidne til farerne ved hangarskibets operationer. Mens flyveoperationer udføres, skal aktiviteterne over og under dæk på et luftfartsselskab omhyggeligt koordineres. Fejl fører alt for ofte til alvorlige ulykker.

Denne omhyggelige koordinering af aktiviteter rækker ud over selve hangarskibet til støttefartøjer, der ledsager luftfartsselskabet. Når de ses fra et fly ovenover, engagerer disse støtteskibe sig konstant i en præcis ballet for at forblive i den korrekte position tæt agter og til siden af ​​luftfartsselskabet for at understøtte flyveopstart og genopretningsoperationer. Dette er ikke en let opgave. Transportøren jagter altid vinden ’ – konstant skiftende kurs og hastighed for at holde tilstrækkelig vind flyder direkte ned ad dækket. Støtteskibene har til opgave at holde den korrekte position i forhold til transportøren, ofte om natten eller i dårligt vejr og tung sø.

Det U.S.S. Hobson (DD-464) , a Handsker-klasse destroyer blev bygget på Charleston Navy Yard og taget i brug kort efter udbruddet af 2. verdenskrig. Under krigen så hun handling i Nordafrika, det vestlige Atlanterhav og på D-Day. Sidst i 1944 blev hun konverteret til en destroyer-minestryger og omklassificeret DMS-26. Efter denne konvertering så hun kraftig aktion nær Okinawa, hvor hun led betydelige tab og skader fra fjendens selvmordsangreb. Reparationer blev afsluttet efter 2. verdenskrig og Hobson tiltrådte som destroyer-minestryger med Atlanterhavsflåden.

Natten til den 26. april 1952 blev Hobson var et støtteskib til hangarskibet U.S.S. Hveps (CV-18), der udførte flyoperationer 700 miles vest for Azorerne. Det Hveps begyndte en drejning i vinden for at forberede genopretning af fly. Det Hobson nødvendig for at manøvrere for at bevare sin korrekte position i forhold til Hveps. En tragisk fejlberegning fandt sted på Hobson bro den nat. Det Hobson vendte havn i en manøvre, der krævede at krydse stævnen Hveps, i stedet for blot at falde bag Hveps og vende i transportørens vågne. Det Hobson blev ramt midtskibe af Hveps. Kollisionen skar den Hobson i halv. Hun sank på mindre end fem minutter. 176 af hendes besætning gik tabt til søs, mange sov i deres kajer.

Jeg har læst flere beretninger om begivenhederne på broen over Hobson den aften – det bedste blev fundet i Kit Bonner ’s bog, Final Voyages. En officiel Navy -undersøgelse lagde skylden på kommandanten for Hobson, Løjtnantkommandant W.J. Tierney, der døde i ulykken. Det er tilstrækkeligt at sige, at procedurer brød sammen den nat, og at 176 mænd betalte den ultimative pris for en fejl i dommen.

Regeringer og deres militær bygger sjældent mindesmærker for dem, der er tabt i ulykker, og de ønsker ikke at henlede opmærksomheden på sådanne hændelser. Inden for det smukke Battery -område i Charleston, South Carolina, står der imidlertid et monument over dem, der mistede i Hobson ulykke. Det blev bygget og betalt af “U.S.S. Hobson Memorial Society ” – en gruppe tidligere skibsfæller, familier og venner af de tabte mænd i Hobson. Den ene side af monumentet beskriver kort begivenhederne den 26. april 1952. Den anden side viser navnene på de tabte og tidspunktet og datoen for ulykken. Monumentet er simpelt som et kunstværk, men jeg synes, mine øjne er tiltrukket af platformen – konstrueret af sten, der er indsamlet fra de 38 hjemstater hos dem, der mistede til søs på bare fire minutter. Disse sten, måske mere end noget andet om mindesmærket, skaber et visuelt billede i farve og antal af omfanget af tabet af liv den april nat. Set ovenfra kan man næsten visualisere et lille skib, der går i stykker på et stort hav, lever fra talrige stater spredt på Atlanterhavsgulvet, ligesom stenene på platformen – en dreng fra Ohio ligger her, en anden fra Texas ligger der, og en fra Californien der, og ved og ved …

Skader på Hveps viser volden ved sammenstødet. Det Hveps mistede næsten 90 fod af sin bue.

Jim Teresco's fine fotografier af

Yderligere oplysninger om historien om U.S.S. Hobson findes på følgende links:

49 svar til “U.S.S. Hobson Memorial ”

Cynthia Walther sagde:

Min onkel, Frank Zwingman var en af ​​besætningerne, der mistede til søs, da Hobson sank. Jeg er meget taknemmelig for at finde denne artikel og mindesbillederne. Tabet af min onkel har været en af ​​mine mødres største sorger i livet, det blev aldrig diskuteret herhjemme om de tragiske begivenheder dengang, fordi det var så smertefuldt for hende, selv nu. Jeg håber på en dag at tage en tur til Charleston for at se mindesmærket og se mit onkels navn.

Lucy Estep sagde:

Mange tak for Hobson -oplysningerne. Min onkel, Arthur Bass, var også en, der var tabt til søs, og det blev heller ikke talt om meget.

Jeg arbejder på en familiehistorisk bog gennem fotos og var begejstret for at støde på denne blog. Jeg gemte billederne af dedikationshæftet og vil bruge det i vores familiebog for hvert familiemedlem at dele.

Mange tak for at dele!

Michele Torrice sagde:

Min navnebror og onkel, Michael Amico, gik tabt til søs på USS Hobson en måned før jeg blev født. Mine bedsteforældre, især min kære bedstemor kom sig aldrig efter tabet af deres søn. Den dag i dag ser mine mødres øjne et sorgebillede ud, som aldrig vil forsvinde, og hun kan ikke engang tale om ham eller hans utidige død, og min far vil blødt græde og lyden af ​​hans navn. Tilbage i 1999 kørte min søster og jeg, mens jeg holdt ferie på Myrtle Beach, ned til Charleston, da vi ville se mindesmærket og vores onkel Michael's navn. Vi kunne ikke finde mindesmærket, og ingen i Charleston, SC vidste, hvad vi talte om. Det var meget trist, at vi aldrig fandt mindesmærket, og at ingen kunne lede os til det. Vi blev henvist til en luftfartøjsbærer, der nu er et museum, og der var en hel sektion dedikeret til USS Hobson. Onkel Michael var så meget en del af vores liv, selv i døden vil vi aldrig lade ham blive glemt, og selvom han døde før jeg blev født, føler jeg at jeg har kendt ham hele mit liv … … det bliver 59 år siden i år.

Chuck Arnold sagde:

Hvor præcis (breddegrad/længdegrad) foregik forliset af “Hobson ”?

Chuck – Synkningen var 700 miles vest for Azorerne (38 grader 27 minutter nord/41 grader 21 minutter vest) – Dan

Karl Wagner sagde:

Min far, Horst Wagner var medlem af besætningen og gik ned med skibet. Jeg var 13 måneder gammel, og min bror var endnu ikke født. Det er første gang, at jeg virkelig har læst faktiske beretninger om, hvad der skete den uheldige nat. Jeg fik aldrig chancen for at kende min far, selvom jeg har mange babybilleder af ham, der holder mig. Jeg undrer mig ofte over de overlevendes liv og vanskeligheder med at prøve at leve med den frygtelige hukommelse om begivenhederne den nat. Jeg havde mulighed for 7 år siden, mens jeg var på forretningsrejse til Charleston for at besøge mindesmærket og se min fars navn og navnene på alle de andre, der mistede til søs den nat. Jeg ved ikke, hvad jeg ville sige, eller hvilke spørgsmål jeg måtte stille, men jeg glæder mig over muligheden for, hvis der var en, at kommunikere med nogen af ​​de overlevende eller endda et af deres familiemedlemmer. Denne ulykke ændrede naturligvis kursen i så mange liv, jeg ved, at mine bedsteforældre kæmpede med tabet af deres søn, der blev født i Tyskland og kom til amerikaneren som et meget lille barn og i sidste ende gav sit liv for dette land. Det har været næsten 60 år, men jeg undrer mig stadig ofte over, hvordan livet havde været, hvis han aldrig var død.

Laura Richards sagde:

Min mor mistede sin fætter, David Baker, natten da Hobson sank. Han var 19 år gammel. Så meget trist. Jeg planlægger at besøge mindesmærket i denne uge, når jeg besøger Charleston.

Lori Gray Wisconsin sagde:

Mine mødre eneste bror Harold Carlson Jr., var et besætningsmedlem og gik ned med skibet. Han var kun 17 og var sådan en lille fyr, han lagde knap vægt. Mine bedsteforældre blev skilt, og min bedstefar underskrev, at han skulle være med, vel vidende at Junior, som vi altid kendte ham ved, ville finde en eller anden måde at være med på. Min mor var kun 21 på det tidspunkt, men hun kom aldrig over tabet. Jeg blev født 10 år senere i 1962, så jeg mødte aldrig Jr, men hørte så mange historier om ham, at jeg føler, at jeg kendte ham godt. Jeg har et brev skrevet til min bedstemor fra en overlevende skibskammerat Fred Kezer Jr., og et fantastisk billede af ham og skibet kaptajn..hvis fotos kunne tale.
Jr har et smil på læben, og kaptajnen kigger ned på ham med et smil på læben, jeg kan lige forestille mig, hvad han måske har sagt.

Miki Behnke sagde:

Min ægtemænds bror var en af ​​dem, der mistede på Hobson den nat. Han var lige gået fra vagt ifølge oplysninger, familien fik. Vi har set mindesmærket i Charleston, og det var meget rørende for os.

Min onkel, Robert Ortlip, var besætningsmedlem i U.S.S. Hobson og gik ned med skibet den 26. april 1952. Vi har mindebogen, og hans navn er angivet i bogen.

patricia clanton sagde:

Jeg bor i downtown Charleston og har altid været forbi mindesmærket. I dag ville jeg undersøge, hvad der egentlig var sket efter at have set det tæt på. Hvis nogen vil have et billede af deres kære navn, vil jeg prøve at finde det til dig og sende det til dig via e -mail. Jeg var ked af at stå foran den i dag og læse navne, aldre og byen, hvorfra de var fra. Min dybeste medfølelse til dem, der mistede deres nærmeste. Min e -mail -adresse er [email protected] Hvis du besøger Charleston, er det placeret på Murray Blvd, på det, der er kendt som batteriet samt White Point Gardens. De bedste hilsner, Patricia

joseph h arsenault sagde:

Jeg er medlem af besætningen og værdsætter kommentarerne og mit hjerte, selv efter al denne tid kommer der stadig en tåre i mine øjne, når jeg tænker over det. oprigtigt joseph h. arsenault

Lauretta sagde:

Jeg mistede min onkel, Grady Patterson, på dette skib. Min far undrede sig altid over, hvad der egentlig skete. Jeg tror, ​​vi aldrig vil vide det. Gud velsigne min onkel.

Lauretta Patterson sagde:

Min onkel Grady Patterson gik ned med dette skib. Jeg vidste aldrig, at der var et mindesmærke. Gudskelov fandt jeg dette websted. Min far talte meget om hændelsen. Det skete et år før jeg blev født. Hvis nogen ved noget om Pattersons, så lad mig det vide. tak skal du have

Ronald E. Leonard sagde:

MIN GODE VEN OG PLAYMATE, KENNETH L.MULLINS, 18 Y/O VAR EN AF DE 178 SJÆL MISTET DEN DAG I DEN FORFÆRDELIGE KOLLISION MED BØRNESPÆNDEN.
NU ER JEG NÆSTEN 80-MIT LIV OP PÅ FREM I MIT HJERNE HUSKENDE Hændelser, der påvirker min vej gennem de sidste 60+år. THANK YOU FOR THE OPPORTUNITY TO EXPRESS MY FEELINGS.

Colleen Alber sagde:

My father, Francis W. O’Connor, was one of the survivors of the collision. He did not speak of it to me during my childhood, but I do know it was an incredibly painful memory that he carried with him everyday and every night of his life. It was not until this past decade that I began to hear small bits and pieces about the tragedy. My father would travel each year to Charleston to reunite with the other survivors. He passed away this May at the age of 81. May he rest in peace with the men, the friends, he thought of and missed dearly.

My girlfriend and I are driving from Philadelphia to Florida for vacation. My girlfriend mentioned that she would like to stop and sleep over in Charleston on our way back. I hope to see the memorial to honor my Uncle Bobby (Robert P. Ortlip) who I never met by visiting the memorial.

Thomas C. Robinson sagde:

On that dreadful night I had a cousin that went down on the Hobson. When Cecil Ray Mauzy was in on leave before he went back, he gave me a white sailor’s cap, had his name on it. I kept it for years,I still had it when I got married, but somewhere I let it get away from me. I was 10 years old at the time of the accident, never seen him again, his body was never recovered. I believe he was 24. .. I think of you often, Cecil

Merritt Crawford sagde:

Colleen Alber,I had the good fortune to meet your father on a plane right after a commemoration event in 2011. We stayed in touch every so often and I adored his friendship. After not being able to reach him for a while, I did some research and learned of his death and am deeply saddened. My heart goes out to you and your family. Frank did not speak much of the tradgedy to me but just the knowledge of it spurred me to look into and I have since visited the Yorktown, thinking of him every minute of the tour. He is most certainly missed dearly, even by someone who was only a friend for a short time.

Dear Colleen
I knew your father well,I Also was a survivor
I spoke to your father last April about attending
reunion but could not make it as planned. I had
attended many of the reunions and seen your father
many times over the years.I called him this Jan.
about attending this year and thats when I found
out he had passed this last May.I will miss him
this year at the memorial.
Arthur

Jerry Martin sagde:

I don’t know what brought me to this site today, maybe it was a dream that had of my dad in the other night. He was Gerald L. Martin, and I was eight years old when he served aboard the Carrier WASP CV18 the night of the terrible accident with the Destroyer Hobson. In later years he would tell me about it. I found a list of the crew of the Hobson that were lost that night, and I will pray for them.

joanne comins rick sagde:

i am the namesake for my uncle, john p comins, who was lost that night i was born a year later and never knew him, but he was always a part of my life growing up. every april from my earliest memories, we drove to charleston for the memorial services-my parents and grandparents the saturday night dinners, sometimes on the naval base staying at the fort sumter hotel and the sunday memorial services with full military honors, the navy band the guns salute the white crisp uniforms against the impossibly clear blue skies drenched in sunlight the speeches and the tears. we would look at the memorial and touch the names although its been 60 years now, it’s all still raw just beneath the surface. i’ve never learned about my uncle’s life aboard ship, or what he was doing before the ship sank. of that my grandparents and parents would not speak, even if they themselves ever knew. and now they’re gone, too. if anyone knows or has stories to share, i would love to hear.

My Uncle, David Baker was lost that night. My son took me to the memorial in SC to fulfill a lifelong wish. I was a young child when David died, his Navy photo was on my grandmothers dresser thru out her life. When I saw the monument I cried and tried to explain to my three grandchildren who this Uncle David was and about that tragic night. May the men & their families have peace knowing their stories live on thru us. Thank you for sharing Claudia Baker-Thompson

Denver A Norman sagde:

I WAS FIVE YRS WHEN MY BROTHER WAS LOST AND ONE OF THE MANY WERE SLEEPING. His NAME IS Richard E Norman and would love to hear from all who may have know him. tak
Denver A Norman

Ron Ross sagde:

John S. Ross, my father was one of three radiomen on watch. He survived of course or I would not be here today. His story is a great one. He just passed away this past February at the age of 81. We miss him so very much it hurts. I’d hoped to spend many more days with him in our woodshop inventing things, but there apparently were other plans for him.
He did 4 years total in the Navy, got out and became a Chief Radio Tech for the Ohio State HP. Retired from there in 85, then him and Mom rode a motorcycle in all 50 States incl yes Hawaii when I was stationed there myself.
Love and miss you both.

Bob Morley sagde:

My grandfather was aboard as well William Mansfield

I was a crew member of U.S.S. O’Hare DD 889, part of the task group. Our ship participated in the search and rescue. We had a passenger, a reporter for the Boston Globe aboard. He wrote a story and we transmitted it stateside the next day. Here is the taxt from the original typewritten document.

U.S.S. O’HARE (DD 889)
At Sea
280300Z April
Press Release by Lawrence Dame, Staff Writer, Boston Herald
In Mid Atlantic Aboard a U.S. Destroyer at Scene of Sinking, Sunday: –
The U.S. airplane carrier Wasp collided with and sank the destroyer minesweeper Hobson during maneuvers 485 miles southeast of Newfoundland at 10:30 mid-Atlantic time (8:30 Boston time) last night. So far as can be learned, 187 Hobson lives were lost as the sharp bow of the 40,000-ton flattop sliced her 2400-ton guardship in two. The twain of coffins, largely filled with men in bunks, plummeted immediately to a bottom nearly three miles down.Latest reports place 63 Hobson survivors including seven officers, out of a complement of about 250. A desperate 10-hour search in rough weather that developed into a howling northeast gale with rain and rotting visibility had to be called to a halt at 9:30 A.M. today. The Wasp, so badly damaged that she is proceeding through the storm stern-first at speeds as slow as eight knots in punishing waves, lost no men in the sudden crash.
The dangerous weather, fine yesterday during general exercises of a fleet bound for Europe from Norfolk, made it certain early today that no survivors not picked up in the gallant rescue efforts from the Wasp and a destroyer during the first two hours could remain alive. A naval board of inquiry on shore will be asked to determine the unexplained cause of the American Navy’s worst disaster since World War Two.
A helicopter and a group of destroyers rushed at all available speed from another maneuvering area 50 miles away made every possible attempt to find bodies in a tempestuous sea strewn with wreckage, empty life rafts, empty life jackets and an oil slick from the ill-fated craft’s tanks. Only one man, a dead chief petty officer, was picked up in the increasingly raging waters early this morning. The body, identified as that of H. D. Hopkins, address unlisted as yet, was transferred from one of the small boats the injred Wasp put overboard for rescues to the destroyer O’HARE early today.
Mute, pitiful testimony of the fact that tragedy struck without warning on a rolling sea under faint stars and a black sky came through the empty life preservers. Most of the Hobson’s men were trapped below decks, many in their bunks and many never at sea before, with a watch of about seven and possibly as many officers out of the 15 aboard on the alert. There could have been no frantic rushes up the steel ladders from the ship’s bowels. Several of the survivors are injured, a few critically, and are in the wallowing Wasp’s sick bay or on the destroyer Rodman, not to be reached because of heavy seas from my destroyer.
We received the alarm aboard the O’HARE, 50 miles from the death scene, which was at 42.20 north latitude and 44.15 west longitude, at just about 8:30 P.M. Boston time, after night plane maneuvers had barely reached an end. The planes that had located us in the darkness came from the recently recommissioned Wasp, dropped flares, and headed back for their ship’s haven. Several had not succeeded in making the flight deck before the crash occurred.
What they could not see, and what I saw in wonder when daylight came, were two bites out of the bow keel of the carrier visible at the waterline. The two, the front one larger than the other, extended for about 50 feet, or 17 structural frames along this line and the forward nip, perhaps 35 feet wide snapped off the keel 28 feet below.
While temporary repairs and shorings to strengthen the disfigured beak were being made from the interior, with skill that tested the ingenuity of the Wasp’s command and men to the utmost, the waves, often 25 feet high, forced the craft to turn round and proceed slowly backward. A long dockyard job, possible only in the states, will be necessary. More than 2000 men and many planes are aboard.
What I saw from the O’HARE, with Commdr. O.D. MacMillan as captain, is typical of the post-disater scene and attempted rescue activity. For 50 miles, there was nothing but obscurity cut by searchlights on the hustling destroyers sent to the rescue by Rear Admiral Chester C. Wood, with his flotilla command on the destroyer Stribling. He led the valiant destroyer effort.
Then we suddenly saw what appeared to be a circle of lights. Then debris, including oranges from the Hobson’s food lockers, shone under our persistent lights. Rescue crews lined the main weather decks of the destroyers. They held ropes, grapnels, hooks, life jackets, small lights and other rescue gear. Medical aides prepared sick bays in wardrooms and cooks heated broth for survivors.
Indicative of the self-sacrificing esprit de corps that spread through the entire fleet when disaster struck was the fact that 25 swimmers aboard the O’HARE volunteered to go into the perilous water before Skipper MacMillan said no. Unhappily, it was too late for them to do any good except to haul the stray, empty lifesaving gear and other floating relics including much clothing, aboard.
The Wasp, responsible for the safety of planes still in the dark sky which a few hours before a fleeting crescent moon had helped illuminate, put over all available rafts, jackets and boats before she got into a new receiving position for her winged wards. Many a flyer wondered why all the commotion on the surface from the sky, so contrary to the usual well-oiled night tactics.
The whole fleet, saddened by the loss of a sailor overboard from the same Hobson on Friday, during refueling tactics in a mean rolling sea, went in gloom over a disaster which many at first refused to believe ever could happen. Whatever did happen, and it is not safe to surmise since it may have been due to mechanical fault rather than human error, one thing seems clear. When struck by the mighty Wasp, the tiny mine sweeper which was acting as a guard for whatever planes might fail to land on the Wasp decks, must have rolled over in two parts. Her remnants, with men who could not have suffered agony for more than a few seconds, took the big bite out of the forward bow and keel. Then in rolling over, the smaller gulp was snatched. In coming up after pitching, the Wasp today clearly showed the far horizon where solid steel once plowed the water. No more careful scrutiny of wreckage and flotsam than that made for more than 10 arduous and dangerous hours in increasingly bad weather by the rescue screen of destroyers could be imagined. Yet its results were zero. Except to prove what many had feared in a murky dawn that hope must be abandoned despite a mild temperature of 64 in water and air. Too may men had gone down with their ship without a chance to know what happened. The 63 rescued, most of them picked up within two hours after the tragedy, were the pitifully small company of lucky ones. Even a few of these may not live.
By cruel irony of a fickle sea, today was the worst of the six-day voyage out of Norfolk. Destroyer crews took heavy punishment in great waves. It was hazardous indeed to pass on the weather decks next to the water. The single helicopter that mad its frail-seeming eggbeater trips low to and fro over the ocean could not be joined by heavier planes. Nobody wanted to risk any life on this fatal ground as Rear Admiral H.B. Jarrett, in command of the fleet, indicated. Before departure the first bird of the day, a tiny gull, hovered over the oil slick as though to land then darted away. Men of the Wasp, in craft ranging from whaleboats to the captain’s brassy gig, did more than mortals should have to accomplish to haul in the 63 survivors. They were aided nobly by the guard destroyer Rodman, assigned to the Wasp along with the Hobson, before the main rescue elements staged their futile arrival. At dawn the littered water was a penetrating 46 degrees. The wind was 14 knots, rose suddenly to 28, died down and then as quickly roared up to gale force of 40 miles an hour or better. The scene of tragedy, 615 miles west northwest of the Azores, is 2725 fathoms deep or 2.7 miles. It has been abandoned finally tonight, all hope vanished. The red-eyed vigil ended. Nearly exhausted destroyer men either staggered to bunks or reported for the few regular turns of duty a Sunday requires at sea.
What appeared to be a Portuguese square-rigger, bound home for Lisbon after a winter on the Grand Banks, was the only unofficial ship anywhere near the scene. She apparently plied on toward the Azores in blissful ignorance of Sabbath disaster. She would have no survivors. A memorial service which was to have been held in the fleet for what seemed so much of a tragedy on Friday the loss overboard from Hobson of J.J. O’Leary, address undetermined had to be postponed because of weather and the newer surprise today. The Hobson, listed by Jane’s as 2575 tons, 348 feet long, complement 250, was launched in 1941, September. The Wasp, listed at 33,000 but much heavier with load, is 888 feet and built in 1943. Hobson cost 15 million.

Phylis Ann Cutler Dye sagde:

My brother, Donald L. Cutler, served on the USS Hobson and was one of the many who lost their lives that fateful day. I was almost 5 years old and to this day I still have memories of him and hear stories of how he “spoiled his little sister”. May God Bless all who were lost and those who miraculously survived. Tak skal du have.

Charles Hatch sagde:

I would like to speak to any family member of Jim McBride. My name is Charles Hatch. I live in Millsboro, Delaware. My telephone number is (302) 663- 0157 or you can email me at the above address

Chuck Lankowski sagde:

My dad Edwin Lankowski was a survivor.

Michael R. Potts sagde:

My Uncle Jack (Robert Jackson) Potts was also lost in the sinking of the Hobson. The memorial is located in the park at Battery Park, Charleston,SC. According to my aunt (Jacks sister) they still have memorial services every year at the end of April. Could check and find out for sure.

My PawPaw’s twin brother died on this ship. I always thought it would be cool to meet him. I hate he had to feel that type of pain. Rest well Mr.Eugene Buckner and Mr.Ernest Buckner. Together again after all those years. Love you both.rest well in Heaven.

Donny Shore sagde:

My half brother Jack Shore lost his life that night on the Hobson. He died before I was born so my curiosity runs wild trying too gather info. Of him and those around him on that fateful night. If any of the survivors are still available for discussion or recognize my brother’s name, please contact me. 336-366-7332. Tak skal du have.

Brian Charbonneau sagde:

My dad Joseph P.Charbonneau was an electrition on the Wasp. That fateful night he manned one of the Wasps search light he is my hero. All those sailors and marines were hero’s as well. U served 10years active duty as a Sgt crew chief and doorgunner. On huey Helios.2000 flight hours. My dad Joseph P. Charbonneau is my hero to this day. R. S. Sgt B.D.Charbonneau usmc retired. 603-204-1355.

Fran Burns sagde:

My uncle Teddy Gould from Maryland died in this tragic accident. I was not yet born but learn about him from my mom and his Gilman football trophy, a memorial fund at Princeton and a few sports photos. Please email if you knew him . [email protected]

Peggy Shore Money sagde:

I am attempting to learn if there will be a Memorial Service in Charleston this year for the Hobson. If anyone sees this and has any information on the Memorial please send e-mail. Tak skal du have.

William Shane Senseney sagde:

Before I retired, in my younger years I was a color guard for this memorial two years in a row. As a Mineman this ship and it’s crew held a special placed to us Mineman. Two of our Mineman also died that night. I retired here in Charleston and would like to offer my services to any family members that would like to have a picture of a loved ones name. You can reach me at [email protected]

Judi Davis Barra sagde:

My uncle, Richard A. Royce was aboard the USS Hobson and was one of the 176 that drowned when the ship went down. I never got to meet him as the collision occurred a year and a half before I was born. He was my mother’s brother.

James L Turner III sagde:

I was nine months old and my mother was seven months pregnant when my father went down with the USS Hobson. I took my eldest son to the Charleston Memorial in 1984. It was an emotional torment for which I was not prepared. Even now, at the age of 67, I get sad thinking about how my father died.

I am writing a book on the history of the USS Hobson. My father served on the Hobson during WWII 1942-44. I would appreciate anything that anyone can share on the subject of the Hobson. I am in the research stage right now and would love to talk with anyone connected with the Hobson (including survivors). I know there are not too many survivors left. Family members of those who perished and those who survived. Family members from the WWII era etc. Pictures of the Hobson and her crew. Memorabilia from the Hobson and reunions in Charleston. I live in Charleston and feel a special connection to the Hobson. Tak skal du have!

David O Whitten sagde:

I have the newspaper article on the launching of HOBSON and the Launching Program. I can post them

Hej! I found a bible that belongs to a Chester J. Wilks Jr. if Miami who was onboard this ship. I would love to locate his family to give them this. Assistance is greatly appreciated.

tom keane sagde:

A good friend of mine, Charles (“Jolly Cholly”) Mac Anulty, lost his life aboard the Hobson. He was 18 years old. His death was a real shock to the small town of Ventura, California

Daryll sagde:

My grandfather was Arthur Schmidt, an electrician aboard the Hobson when it sunk. He was one of the survivors. If any of you remember him could you reach out? [email protected] . He passed when I was 11 and never got to ask him about his time in the navy.

Dave Lyle sagde:

Zach Hagan McCord was from Greenwood, SC and a Clemson alumnus, Class of 󈧳. He is on our Scroll of Honor Memorial, located across the street from the east end of Memorial Stadium. If anyone knows anything else about him, please send it to me and I will add it to his profile on our Scroll of Honor Website. [email protected]

Martha Lubitz sagde:

My father, Cecil Lubitz, was an ensign aboard the Hobson during the war.
He is 95 years old and in failing health.
I pulled up a picture of the Hobson by which my father was very much moved.
God bless the souls of the men who lost their lives in the terrible tragedy that sunk the Hobson!

Carolyn Bryant Lyde, MD sagde:

11/30/2020
My half brother, (Clayton) Eddie Bryant was a 17 year old who lost his life on the Hobson, in 1952. I was born in 1958, and would very much like to connect with any of the survivors who may have known him.

Laurel Millette sagde:

My grandfather was one of the few survivors – he was on leave that night. My understanding is the family preserved what remained – I believe my grandfather helped write the condolences.

I’m happy to put survivors in touch with my Aunt – not sure what she has but she is our family’s unofficial archivist.

My grandfather’s name was John Georges – i believe he was an officer. Such a heartbreaking loss.

Bruce Brews sagde:

Robin Greene sagde:

My father was one of the survivors. No matter how strong he wanted to have us see him to be when he told the story about that night, we all knew it had to bother him terribly. My dads name was John S Ross from Hillsboro, OH. Dad passed away in 2014. He was one of the kindest people you would ever meet. I loved him with all of my heart.


Sinking

With the outbreak of the Korean War in June 1950, Hobson‍ '​s schedule of training intensified. She took part in amphibious exercises off North Carolina and in Puerto Rico in 1950–51, and took part in carrier operations as a plane guard and screening ship.

During one such operation on the night of 26 April 1952, Hobson was steaming in formation with carrier Hveps (CV-18) about 600 miles (1000 kilometers) west of the Azores at 38°27'N 41°21'WG. Hveps needed to turn to recover aircraft. The carrier's escort vessels had two options, slow down and let Hveps turn, or cross in front of the carrier. The Hobson's Commanding Officer, Lieutenant Commander W.J. Tierney and the ship's Officer of the Deck, Lieutenant William Hoefer, argued over which option was to be carried out. The Commanding Officer won, and decided to cross the bow. Lt. Hoefer announced on the deck "Prepare for collision!, Prepare for collision!" Hobson crossed the carrier's bow and was promptly struck amidships. The force of the collision rolled the destroyer-minesweeper over, breaking her in two. Rodman (DD-456) and Hveps rescued many survivors, but the ship and 176 of her crew were lost, including Tierney. With no time to don lifejackets, some survivors were left treading water in the Atlantic Ocean for up to four hours.


Hobson DD- 464 - History

The USS Hobson off Charleston, South Carolina, March 4, 1942. She is painted in camouflage Measure 12 (Modified). This Photograph has been censorned to remove radar antenna her foremast and Mark 37 gun director.

USS Hobson (DD-464/DMS-26), a Gleaves-class destroyer, was the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for Richmond Pearson Hobson, who was awarded the Medal of Honor for actions during the Spanish-American War. He would later in his career attain the rank of Rear Admiral and go on to serve as a congressman from the state of Alabama.

Hobson (as DD-464) was launched at the Charleston Navy Yard, on 8 September 1941 sponsored by Mrs. R. P. Hobson, widow of Rear Admiral Hobson and commissioned on 22 January 1942, Commander R. N. McFarlane in command.

Expended cartridge cases and powder tanks from the ship’s 5″/38 guns litter the deck, after firing in support of the Normandy invasion off Utah Beach, June 6, 1944. This view was taken on the ship’s afterdeck, with mount 54 at right.

Det USS Hobson was built in the Charleston ship yard in South Carolina and was launched for the first time on September 8, 1941. The Hobson fought in various battles during World War II, including the invasion of Normandy. Following World War II, the Hobson was involved in fairly peaceful endeavors until the start of the Korean War. In the early 1950’s the Hobson was involved in two military exercises off the coast of Puerto Rico and North Carolina.

Det Hobson is most known not for its military endeavors, but for a tragic incident involving another American ship. On April, 26 1952 the Hobson encountered the event that would lead it to fame. During the night, while most of the crew was sleeping, the captain of the Hobson, confused due to the darkness, gave the order to change course several times, unknowingly leading her straight into the path of another ship. Det USS Wasp, a carrier, collided with the much smaller destroyer-minesweeper, the Hobson, near the Azores Islands in the Atlantic. The force caused the Hobson to roll and split in half, tossing the crew into the ocean. The ship lay beneath a blanket of water, at the bottom of the ocean within a total of four minutes. Of the 176 crew members who lost their lives, 150 were estimated to be sleeping at the time of the collision never even given a chance at survival. Kaptajnen påHobson, the most likely culprit of this disaster, went down with his ship. Following the crash, Hvepscrewmembers, hastened to pull survivors from the wreckage. They managed to rescue 61 American military personnel from an eternal slumber at sea.

Sinkningen af USS Hobson became one of the great tragedies of the Cold War. It led to the greatest amount of loss of American lives since World War II to that date. Americans realized that they were not always safe, and that dangers could be found in unexpected places. In the future, they had to become more prepared defensively.

Researched by Megan Overman
Volunteer for the Cold War Museum
Cosby High School


Hobson DD- 464 - History

USS Hobson , a 1630-ton Gleaves class destroyer, was built at the Charleston Navy Yard, South Carolina. Commissioned in January 1942, she escorted the carrier Ranger across the Atlantic in mid-year and participated with her in the November invasion of North Africa. Hobson continued as Ranger 's consort for most of 1943, taking part in the carrier strike on shipping off Norway in October. She served with anti-submarine task groups during the first months of 1944, helping to sink the German submarine U-575 on 13 March. In June and August, Hobson was part of the great armadas that supported the invasions of Normandy and Southern France. Convoy escort duties followed, lasting until November 1944, when she began conversion to a destroyer-minesweeper.

Redesignated DMS-26, Hobson steamed through the Panama Canal in January 1945 to join the war against Japan. Beginning in March, she participated in the invasion of Okinawa, providing minesweeping, patrol, radar picket and night illumination services. She was damaged by a suicide plane attack on 16 April and was later sent to the U.S. east coast for repairs, which lasted until after the Second World War ended.

Hobson remained on active duty with the Atlantic Fleet during the post-war years. When the Korean War's outbreak in late June 1950 intensified the ongoing tensions with the Soviet Union, her schedule became more vigorous, including participation in amphibious exercises and service as a fleet escort. On the night of 26 April 1952, while screening USS Wasp in the central Atlantic, the carrier collided with the much smaller destroyer minesweeper. In one of the great tragedies of the Cold War, USS Hobson was cut in two, sinking with 176 of her crew.

USS Hobson was named in honor of Rear Admiral Richmond P. Hobson, a Naval Constructor and hero of the Spanish-American War.

This page features our only views of USS Hobson , and a selected photograph of her christening.

Hvis du vil have gengivelser i højere opløsning end de digitale billeder, der præsenteres her, kan du se: "Sådan får du fotografiske gengivelser."

Klik på det lille fotografi for at få et større billede af det samme billede.

Off Charleston, South Carolina, 4 March 1942. She is painted in camouflage Measure 12 (Modified).
This photograph has been censored to remove radar antennas atop her foremast and Mark 37 gun director.

Officielt amerikansk marinefotografi, fra samlingerne i Naval Historical Center.

Online Image: 92KB 740 x 610 pixels

Off Charleston, South Carolina, 4 March 1942. She is painted in camouflage Measure 12 (Modified).
This photograph has been censored to remove radar antennas atop her foremast and Mark 37 gun director.

Officielt amerikansk marinefotografi, fra samlingerne i Naval Historical Center.

Online Image: 91KB 740 x 585 pixels

Underway in the Atlantic, circa late 1942.
She is painted in camouflage Measure 15.

Officielt amerikansk marinefotografi, nu i samlingerne i National Archives.

Online Image: 87KB 740 x 615 pixels

Reproduktioner af dette billede er muligvis også tilgængelige via National Archives fotografiske reproduktionssystem.

Expended cartridge cases and powder tanks from the ship's 5"/38 guns litter the deck, after firing in support of the Normandy invasion off Utah Beach, 6 June 1944. View was taken on the ship's afterdeck, with mount 54 at right.

Courtesy of Rear Admiral Kenneth Loveland, USN.

U.S. Naval Historical Center fotografi.

Online Image: 90KB 740 x 515 pixels

Damage to the carrier's bow from her 26 April 1952 collision with USS Hobson (DMS-26). Photographed in drydock at Bayonne, New Jersey.
Photograph released 19 May 1952.

Officielt amerikansk marinefotografi, fra samlingerne i Naval Historical Center.

Online Image: 110KB 740 x 610 pixels

Is christened by Mrs. Richmond P. Hobson, at the Charleston Navy Yard, South Carolina, 8 September 1941. Looking on are Bishop Albert S. Thomas and The Honorable Joseph W. Powell.

Officielt amerikansk marinefotografi, fra samlingerne i Naval Historical Center.

Online Image: 109KB 740 x 615 pixels

One of the ships seen in the following photograph is probably USS Hobson (DD-464):

Charleston Navy Yard, South Carolina

Destroyers fitting out and refitting alongside the Navy Yard piers in January 1942. These ships are (from left to right):
USS Tillman (DD-641), commissioned 9 June 1942
probably USS Beatty (DD-640), commissioned 7 May 1942
probably USS Hobson (DD-464), commissioned 22 January 1942
USS Anderson (DD-411)
USS Hammann (DD-412) and
USS Mustin (DD-413).
Note that the three incomplete ships at left are painted in Measure 12 camouflage, while those refitting (at right) wear Camouflage Measure 12 (Modified).
This image is cropped from Photo # 19-N-26590, which shows USS Morris (DD-417). Note (in the left foreground, atop her Mark 37 gun director) the bracket for the antenna of an FD radar.

Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives.

Online Image: 138KB 1200 x 510 pixels

Reproductions of this image may also be available through the National Arc

In addition to the images presented above, the National Archives appears to hold other views of USS Hobson (DD-464 and DMS-26). The following list features some of these images:

Billederne nedenfor er IKKE i Naval Historical Centers samlinger.
FORSØG IKKE at få dem ved hjælp af procedurerne beskrevet på vores side "Sådan får du fotografiske gengivelser".

Reproduktion af disse billeder bør være tilgængelig via National Archives fotografiske reproduktionssystem for billeder, der ikke er i besiddelse af Naval Historical Center.


Richmond Pearson Hobson

Greensboro, Hale County, Richmond Pearson Hobson native Richmond Pearson Hobson (1870-1937) was a graduate of the United States Naval Academy and served in the Spanish-American War. He became famous for sinking the collier USS Merrimac in Cuba's Santiago Harbor, for which he was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor. A champion of U.S. naval supremacy, Hobson also supported the Progressive Era ideals of Prohibition, improved education, and women's suffrage as a Democratic congressional representative from Alabama's Sixth District. Cadet Richmond P. Hobson on USS Chicago After graduation, Hobson served a two-year assignment as the assistant navigator aboard the cruiser USS Chicago. Thereafter, he spent four years continuing his naval education in Paris, France, at a French school of naval design. In 1893, Hobson was appointed Assistant Naval Constructor at the U.S. Navy's Bureau of Construction and Repair in Washington, D.C. In this capacity, he supervised the construction of new naval vessels across the nation he would later advocate for the removal of all woodwork on ships because it was such a fire hazard. Eager to promote a professional military education for young naval officers, he established a three-year postgraduate course at the Naval Academy for officers in the Construction Corps. When war was declared with Spain in April 1898, Hobson was serving as a lieutenant aboard the USS New York, the flagship of the North Atlantic Squadron, under the command of Admiral William T. Sampson. The United States had long been interested in the affairs of Cuba, which was in the midst of a struggle for independence from Spain that many in the United States supported. The U.S. Navy implemented a blockade of Cuba in an attempt to assist the insurgency. Spanish admiral Pasqual Cervera's Caribbean Squadron, however, penetrated the American blockade and anchored in Santiago Harbor. In order to remove the threat posed by the Spanish vessels, USS Merrimac Sampson and Hobson devised a plan to block the entrance to the harbor. On the morning of June 3, Hobson and his crew of seven attempted to sink the USS Merrimac in the entrance of the harbor to create an obstruction that would trap the Spanish ships. When Hobson guided the Merrimac into the narrow part of the harbor's entrance, it quickly came under fire from the Spanish fleet that disabled its steering. As the ship drifted out of Hobson's control, he tried to sink it by exploding the vessel's five torpedoes but succeeded in detonating only two. Når Merrimac finally sank, it had moved beyond the entrance to the harbor, leaving the channel open. The Spanish captured Hobson and his crew and held them as prisoners of war until July 6. Though Hobson and his crew failed to blockade the Santiago Harbor (the Spanish force would be soundly defeated while fleeing the harbor on July 3), they received a heroes' welcome for their courageous exploits upon their return to the United States. For two years after the Spanish-American War, Hobson salvaged sunken Spanish ships in Santiago Harbor and in Manila Bay in the Philippines, where he contracted a debilitating case of typhoid fever. In January 1903, Hobson resigned from the U.S. Navy after 18 years of active service. Now a civilian, Hobson embarked on a nationwide lecture tour, championing U.S. naval supremacy and a progressive agenda. Rep. Richmond and Grizelda Hobson On May 25, 1905, Hobson married Grizelda Hull, with whom he would have three children. In 1906, Hobson was elected a U.S. congressman from Alabama's Sixth District and would serve four terms between 1907 and 1915. Ideologically a progressive, he promoted the building of roads and schools in rural areas and expanding agricultural instruction in rural areas and government regulation of railroads. Hobson supported a graduated income tax and the direct election of senators, which eventually became the 16th and 17th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution, respectively. He also shepherded through Congress a bill that led to the establishment of the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations. This office assumed responsibilities for commanding and overseeing the Navy's resources and personnel. The Chief of Naval Operations served as the senior military officer in the Navy and also served as an advisor to the Secretary of the Navy. Hobson also took a progressive stance on women's suffrage, viewing it as a fundamental element in the evolution of humankind and arguing that allowing women to vote would broaden their views and thus make them well-informed citizens. Rep. Richmond P. Hobson, 1914 For nearly three decades, however, Hobson's most consuming cause became banning alcohol and narcotics. He approached prohibition as a moral crusade, believing that alcohol consumption impeded the proper, progressive course of human development and evolution by weakening intellectual capabilities. In 1908, he campaigned for a prohibition amendment in Alabama, which once passed made the state dry before the nation embraced the prohibition of alcohol. In 1919, Hobson authored Alcohol and the Human Race, in which he argued that alcohol was a cause of human degeneracy. After the passage of the 18th Amendment in 1919, Hobson turned his attention to launching a world-wide prohibition campaign and raising awareness on the evils of narcotics, particularly heroin. He helped organize the International Narcotic Education Association (1923) and the World Narcotic Defense Association (1927). Although his anti-narcotics campaign never gained the momentum that the American prohibition campaign had, Hobson presided at a meeting in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1931 at which 57 countries agreed to limit the production of opium.

Magnolia Grove He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery. In honor of Hobson's naval service, the Navy christened a destroyer the USS Hobson (DD-464) at the Charleston Navy Yard in South Carolina in September 1941. Thereafter, Alabamians began to commemorate their native son. In May 1942, a bronze bust of Hobson was unveiled at the state capitol in Montgomery. The following year, Magnolia Grove, his birthplace, was deeded to the state and dedicated as a state shrine. Two Alabama cities are named for Richmond Hobson: Hobson City, Calhoun County, and Hobson, Washington County.

Hobson, Richmond Pearson. Alcohol and the Human Race. New York: Fleming R. Revell Co., 1919.


Listen to June 7, 1944 (D+1) 5:30 pm NBC news radio broadcast describing USS Corry sinking. (NBC-affiliate radio station WEAF in New York City)

Admiralty Charts 2613 and F. 1014 G.S.G.S. No. 4250: Sheets 6E/3 and 6E/4
Booklet "M" (Annex "H") France, North Coast
Coastal silhouette from LA MADELEINE (442974) to HAMEAU DU NORD (390060)
I.S.T.D. February, 1944

In the same pre-dawn incident, before the scheduled naval shelling began, while proceeding to their bombardment stations the Corry og Fitch came under fire from German shore batteries. Det Fitch returned fire, immediately followed by the Corry, making them the first two ships to fire on German-occupied France. Later, after the Corry was hit, for more than an hour the USS Fitch repeatedly fired on the Saint-Marcouf (Crisbecq) battery, which had scored the fatal salvo on the Corry amidships.



CORRY SURVIVORS THANK THE USS BUTLER


Див. також [ ред. | ред. код]

  1. ↑ До складу ескорту конвою RA 54A на різних етапах входили: лінкор «Енсон», авіаносець «Формідабл», важкі крейсери «Кент» і «Норфолк», легкі крейсери «Белфаст» і «Джамайка» есмінці: «Махратта», «Мілн» , «Маскітер», «Матчлес», «Онслоу», «Саумарез», «Весткотт», «Скорпіон», «Скодж», «Венус», «Савіджа», «Б», «Б», «Б», «Б», «Бр» «Гобсон», радянські «Громкий», «Куйбишев», канадський «Хаїда», норвезький «Сторд» тральщики «Сігал», «Харрієр», «Бритомарт», «Джейсон», «Галсіон», корвет «Еглантін».
  2. ↑ До складу ескорту конвою JW 54A входили: 2 лінкори «Енсон» і «Тускалуса», важкий крейсер: «Кент», 2 легкі крейсери: «Джамайка», «Бермуда» есмінці: «Онслот», «Онслоу», «Обедіент» , «Орвелл», «Інконстант», «Імпалсів», «Хайда», «Гурон», «Ірокеу», «Вайтхолл», «Коррі», «Фітч», «Фітч», «Фірч» тральщик «Гусар».

Se videoen: Treća povijest: Judeja u Kristovo doba