Michael Cudahy

Michael Cudahy


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Michael Cudahy blev født i County Kilkenny, Irland, i 1841. Hans familie emigrerede til USA i 1849 og bosatte sig i Milwaukee. Efter at have forladt skolen fandt Cudahy arbejde som kødpakker. Med sin bror John Cudahy og Philip Armor startede han sin egen kødpakkervirksomhed i Omaha, Nebraska. I 1870'erne revolutionerede han kødpakningsindustrien ved at indføre sommerhærdning under køling. Cadahy døde i 1910.


Milwaukee Talks: Michael Cudahy

Milwaukee -arven fra Michael Cudahy vokser fortsat. I en ung alder af 78 år har grundlæggeren af ​​Marquette Electronics overgået fra iværksætteri til filantropi. Cudahy tænker stort, lever godt, og hans gavmildhed vil hjælpe Milwaukees fremtidige beboere med at leve endnu bedre. Vi sad for nylig med Cudahy til en snak.

"Det er fredag. Vi drikker noget." Det var de første ord, Michael Cudahy sagde til mig før vores frokost på Boulevard Inn. Early Times on the rocks er den komfort, du har valgt for dette karismatiske samfundsikon, og jeg bød også gerne på en eftermiddag Tanqueray & amp; tonic, da vi satte os ned for at tale om Milwaukee, hans liv, hans bog og mere.

Milwaukee -arven fra Michael Cudahy vokser fortsat. I en ung alder af 78 er grundlæggeren af ​​Marquette Electronics overgået fra iværksætteri til filantropi. Ikke bare standardfilantropi, men store ting som Milwaukee Art Museum, IMAX, Pabst Theatre, Pier Wisconsin og forhåbentlig Milwaukee Connector, et nyt jernbanetransportsystem for større Milwaukee.

Cudahy tænker stort, lever godt, og hans generøsitet, nysgerrighed og venlighed vil hjælpe Milwaukees fremtidige beboere med at leve endnu bedre. Navnet Cudahy er et af de mest fremtrædende i Wisconsin Michael følger i fodsporene til denne far og bedstefar, John og Patrick. Begge var innovative og succesrige og vidste, hvordan man fortæller en god historie. Mike spinder også et godt garn, og hans nye bog "Joyworks" fortæller hans livshistorie og The Story of Marquette Electronics. Det viser også, at Cudahys succes mere handler om mennesker og kultur end forretningsplaner og processer.

Mike Cudahy holder stadig en travl tidsplan, møder, frokoster, fundraisers, idégenerering og historiefortælling. Han har stadig et helt liv med ideer i hovedet, og han delte gerne mange af dem med os for nylig. Læs videre for en helt særlig "Milwaukee Talks" med Mike Cudahy.

OMC: Giv os venligst "nøddeskallen" Mike Cudahy-historien.

MC: Cudahys kom fra Irland, et amt kaldet Kilkenny i 1849. Der var fire brødre, en søster, mor og far, svigerfar og svigermor. De tog til landet af en meget enkel grund. I Irland på det tidspunkt kunne du enten sulte ihjel eller forlade og måske dø på skibet, der gik over. Patrick, min bedstefar, var tre måneder gammel, da han gik, han var seks måneder gammel, da han kom hertil. og turen var ikke ligefrem en 747 tur over havet. Nogle gange glemmer vi det i dag.

Cudahys bosatte sig i Milwaukee, fordi det siges, at de havde nogle venner her. De landede først i Boston, og problemet med Boston var (at der var) for mange irere der. Så de kunne ikke lide så godt, hvis jeg må sige det sådan.

Denne gruppe og en fru Shaw (fra Shaw -familien i County Callan) havde lidt flere penge - tre hundrede pund - end de fleste, fordi gamle mand Shaw havde en keramikvirksomhed, han havde solgt. Og ved du hvad, jeg kan ikke for mit liv finde ud af, hvem der ville have købt en keramikvirksomhed lige midt i kartoffelsulten, men det gjorde de.

Nogle af gruppen bosatte sig i Milwaukee, andre i Chicago. Min bedstefar, Patrick, stoppede i en alder af 13 år og gik på arbejde for et lokalt kødemballagefirma ved navn Plankinton (senere tilknyttet det velkendte Armor Packing Company i Chicago). Han sagde 'vi gik ind i kødpakkeriet, fordi folk altid spiser kød, og det virker som en stabil ting at gøre.' Så bedstefar tilsluttede Mr. Plankinton og Mr. Armor.

OMC: Så, hvor voksede du op i Milwaukee?

MC: Jeg blev født på St. Mary's Hospital cirka en blok fra, hvor vi boede på Terrace Avenue. Gik til Milwaukee Country Day, en slags snobbet skole (griner). Jeg har kun en søster, der forlader Sanibel Island. Hun er 81 og har det rigtig godt. Hun er malerlærer stadig en meget pæn dame. Det troede jeg selvfølgelig ikke, da vi var børn.

OMC: Hvor blev du af efter Country Day School?

MC: For at gøre en lang historie kort blev jeg bedt om at forlade, så jeg gik til Milwaukee University School på Hartford Avenue. Jeg kender ikke alle de dårlige ting, vi gjorde, men. Jeg gik aldrig på college, men det lykkedes mig at afslutte gymnasiet. Diplomet har et stort stempel over sig "Bevilget i forhold til den nationale nødsituation." Det betyder, at vi var i krig, og de gjorde visse indrømmelser. Min indrømmelse var, at jeg havde flunked amerikansk historie - to gange. Jeg lagde bare ikke mærke til det, hvor kedeligt det var. Jeg var interesseret i videnskab. Dette var 1942.

OMC: Vidste du, hvad du ville gøre med dit liv, da du gik i gymnasiet?

MC: Nej, er der nogen? Jeg havde en passion for mekaniske og elektriske ting. Jeg blev AM -radiooperatør, da jeg var 12 og boede i Irland (gennem et skoleprogram). I de dage var man nødt til at bygge alt fra bunden, senderen og modtageren. Du skulle også være meget forsigtig med ikke at elektrokuttere dig selv, hvilket jeg næsten gjorde et par gange. Spændingen efter at have bygget disse radioer og spekuleret på, hvordan det muligvis kunne fungere, rigge det op med antennen og få nogen til at besvare dit opkald i radioen var. pow! Absolut det mest elektrificerende, der overhovedet var sket for mig i mit liv. Jeg talte med andre lande i min radio som lille. Det var godt.

Som et tip til alle forældre, hvis du kan finde en ting at elektrificere dit barn .. gør det. Prøv det. Lad dem finde noget, medicin, elektronik, rumvidenskab eller hvad som helst. Dette vil starte dit barns tankegang!

OMC: Har du været gift fire gange? Hvis jeg må spørge, hvad er der så med det?

MC: Hvad angår mine fire koner, har jeg virkelig ikke meget at sige undtagen. hvis jeg havde alt at gøre, tvivler jeg på, om jeg ville ændre meget. Jeg boede jo sammen med #3 (Nancy) i 23 år, og jeg lever stadig med #4, Lisa, efter 16 år. Og jeg har fem fantastiske børn!

OMC: Giv mig nogle af dine tanker om Milwaukee i dag?

MC: Jeg har et vidunderligt billede af Lakefront, omkring 1955, taget fra en båd, og (udvikling langs søen) var temmelig grum. Jeg tror, ​​at Milwaukeeans alt for længe sagde: 'Åh ja, søen, øh.' De lagde virkelig ikke mærke til det enorme aktiv, vi har her. Dette er en del af det største naturlige ferskvandsområde i verden, og det er lige her i Milwaukee!

Jeg er henrykt over Milwaukee Art Museum. Jeg arbejder også meget flittigt, som du ved, på et projekt kaldet Pier Wisconsin.

OMC: Hvis du kunne ændre en ting ved Milwaukee i dag, hvad ville det så være?

MC: Jeg ville håbe, at vi kunne få en hel flok forretningsledere til at træde frem og gå forrest i at flytte denne by fremad. Det har vi været, men manglen på lederskab er blevet rapporteret. Jeg tror, ​​at ledelsen er her, men de skal fortsætte med at træde fremad og træde op til pladen. MMAC og Greater Milwaukee Committee (GMC) gør det godt, men hvor er ledelsen, der kan hænge sammen med det politiske lederskab for at gøre denne by virkelig stor, som Minneapolis og Indy gjorde !?

OMC: Hvordan vil du definere lederskab?

MC: Det er et sjovt ord. Det går op på pladen og er ikke bange for konsekvenserne af at sige din mening. At være leder er ved at samle fart ved at samle andre mennesker til at følge din idé.

OMC: Hvordan kan en yngre leder få dette til at ske?

MC: Der er alle kvaliteter af lederskab. Der er ikke gamle og unge, der er gamle, noget gamle, mellemstore, unge. Dette fællesskab har gjort en klik ud af det gamle lederskab. Gamle ledere dør enten ud, eller der sælges virksomheder. Den gamle country club -bande, hvor er den? De unge ledere ser ud til at være isolerede. Vi skal samle dem. UWM -kansler Nancy Zimpher har bedt mig om at lede en gruppe af gamle og unge og bringe dem sammen. Måske skulle jeg gøre det.

OMC: Hvordan definerer du succes?

MC: Først og fremmest er en af ​​de største afskrækkende for succes en mangel på tillid til den enkelte. 'Det kan ikke lade sig gøre. Åh, jeg kommer aldrig dertil. Det er for stort til mig. Jeg ved ikke noget eller nok om det. De mennesker, jeg kender, der har haft virkelig succes, har lige sagt: 'Man torpedoer. Vi gør det, og jeg er ligeglad med hvordan. Jeg lærer, når vi går. ' Den slags holdning er det, der er nødvendigt!

Der er frygtelig meget, som vi underviser i skole og handelsskole, der siger, at du skal være fuldt uddannet hist og her. Jeg er ikke sikker på, at du skal være så struktureret!

OMC: Havde du et forbillede/mentor?

MC: Ja, da bogen taler om meget. Fyren, der fik mig fra en slags fjollet knægt, der ikke vidste, hvilken retning han skulle gå til en fornuftig bidragsyder til en forretningsindsats, var Warren Cozzens. Han var min partner, hele tiden jeg var på Marquette. Han var lige ældre nok til at have en sund fornuft.

OMC: Hvis du kunne vælge en person at drikke med, hvem ville det så være og hvorfor?

MC: Hårdt spørgsmål, Jeff. Der er mange mennesker, jeg gerne vil sidde ned og få en drink med eller aftensmad med. Albert Einstein ville være vidunderlig. George Bush, Sr. Jeg spiste frokost med ham en gang. Dwight Eisenhower, jeg ville have elsket at have haft kontakt med den mand.

MC: Benny Green på Pabst. Han er en kær ven. Jeg er en slags hans "gudfar". Han er 39 og en spirende jazzmusiker og en virkelig god fyr.

OMC: Er jazz din passion for musik?

MC: Jeg elsker alle former for musik. Jeg elsker klassikerne, især efter sidste århundredeskift. Folk som Igor Stravinksky. Jeg elsker Stravinkskys "Rite of Spring", det er en utrolig ting. Han var den første, der slog igennem fra de klassiske snore og begyndte at bruge 9. og 11. og vild harmoni, jeg elsker den slags. Moderne ballet begejstrer mig også, det er fantastisk - en vidunderlig kunstform.

OMC: Hvad er dine planer for The Pabst Theatre?

MC: Fyld den op med kvalitetshandlinger i en sætning. Jeg tror, ​​det kan blive et nationalt, faktisk et internationalt ikon. Det har alle egenskaberne. Det er en smuk juvel.

OMC: Tal venligst om det foreslåede Milwaukee -stik.

MC: Milwaukee er bag tiden i mange aspekter og områder, transport er en af ​​dem. Milwaukee er også bag tiden i forsøget på at knytte de forskellige samfund omkring os sammen. Du har folk i Racine, der siger 'vi er her, du er der.' Wauwatosa, Waukesha, West Bend. Der er mange fællesskaber, der siger, at vi ikke vil have noget at gøre med andre fællesskaber. Og dette er for mig en frygtelig fejl. Vi kan ikke have isolerede samfund i denne region, der kæmper mod resten af ​​verden, der gør meget mere dynamiske ting.

Milwaukee -stikket udleder, at isolationismen vil blive brudt, knust. Og det er grunden til, at nogle har stærkt modstået jernbanetransportmuligheder. Dette er ikke letbane, det er et guidet bussystem. Det er en ny teknologi. Det vil heller ikke rive byen op, og økonomiske fordele er der også. Det har alle fordelene ved jernbane. Jeg er meget for det.

Erhvervslivet og Metropolitan Milwaukee Association of Commerce (MMAC) mener, at vi bør forfølge det til den næste fase, som er den foreløbige konstruktion af projektet. Du kan ikke fortælle, før det er gjort, om det vil fungere i orden eller ej. Vi skylder os selv at gøre det næste trin. At sige 'nej, nej vi gør ikke hvad vi skal prøve' er vanvittigt. Og jeg tror, ​​vi er nødt til at tage disse fællesskaber sammen og se på os selv nationalt og se, hvor vi står. Der er 18 byer i hele Amerika lige nu, der bygger eller planlægger jernbane eller en form for højhastighedstransport. Milwaukee er bag tiden.

Og alt, hvad vi synes at gøre her omkring, er at sige, lad os bare tilføje nogle mere ildelugtende busser. Disse byer er alle meget konkurrencedygtige. Kom nu, gutter! Vi er nødt til at komme derind og kæmpe for vores position. Hvis vi ikke gør det, krymper vi som en sveske.

OMC: Nævn to andre ting, Milwaukee har brug for for at fortsætte fremad.

MC: Vi er nødt til at gøre fase tre i Midwest Express Center, for at være konkurrencedygtige nationalt og kæmpe for de store konventioner. Vi har brug for en mester i det sydøstlige Wisconsin, en der virkelig sælger området. Det er et smukt sted! Folk kæmper om steder som West Virginia. Vi må komme derud og kæmpe for det!

OMC: Hvad laver du i din fritid?

MC: Jeg har ingen (han griner). Jeg træner min hund.

MC: Jeg er lidt hørehæmmet, ved du. Så det første, en person med høretab gør, er at gå og få en høretest, og de prøver at passe dig med et høreapparat. Når dit syn går, går folk til Walgreen og får glas. Høreapparatet er lidt af en fornærmelse, så jeg har designet en øreforstærker. Radio Shack har sådan noget i sit katalog. Du tilslutter øretelefoner, og det forstærker lyden. Så de (Radio Shack) slog mig til det, men jeg kan lide at pille ved sådan nogle ting i min fritid.

Jeg havde fornøjelsen af ​​at have Walter Cronkite på mit fly for nylig, og han er gammel og kan ikke høre for godt. Han hader sine høreapparater, de ser frygtelige ud. Så jeg er sikker på, at han gerne vil have noget som øreforstærkeren.

Michael Cudahys bog "Joyworks" blev udgivet af Milwaukee County Historical Society og er tilgængelig hos MCHS og i boghandlerne i området.


Cudahy Brothers

Patrick Cudahy Corporation, der opererer i Milwaukee -området fra 1888 til i dag, er en af ​​Milwaukees historiske kødpakkegiganter. Virksomheden stammer fra emballagefirmaet John Plankinton, en vellykket virksomhed, der hovedsagelig skyldes de lukrative partnerskaber, som han etablerede med andre spirende pakkemoguler fra begyndelsen af ​​1850'erne til sidst i 1880'erne: Frederick Layton, Philip Armor og Patrick Cudahy.

Patrick Cudahy flyttede fra Irland til Milwaukee med sin familie i 1849, kort tid efter at han blev født. [1] Han lærte kødpakkeriet som teenager, arbejdede som transportør, pickler, pakker og vejer for flere virksomheder. [2] I 1873 hyrede den kortvarige Lyman & amp Wooley (Packing Company) Cudahy som forstander. [3] Det næste år opfordrede Plankinton & amp Armour Patrick til at udskifte sin ældre bror Michael som deres forstander. [4] Et årti senere forlod Armor dette firma, og Plankinton promoverede Cudahy til juniorpartner. [5] I 1888 solgte Plankinton firmaet til Patrick og John Cudahy for $ 600.000 og leasede sit pakkeanlæg i Menomonee Valley til det nye Cudahy Brothers Company i fem år. [6]

Behovet for faciliteter fik Cudahys til at flytte deres firma til Buckhorn, en lille by to miles syd for Milwaukee, langs Chicago og North Western Railroad. De åbnede et stort, moderne anlæg på deres nye placering i 1893. Det nærliggende område, der formelt blev inkorporeret som Cudahy i 1895, blev gradvist omdannet til en industriel forstad. [7]

Ligesom Plankinton før det forarbejdede Cudahy Brothers en række forskellige dyr, men specialiserede sig i svinekødsprodukter. [8] De nye faciliteter kunne behandle hele 7.000 svin om dagen. [9] Denne øgede kapacitet hjalp virksomheden med at udvide sin distribution til europæiske markeder. [10]

Firmaet fortsatte med at blomstre gennem det tidlige til midten af ​​det tyvende århundrede på trods af nogle bemærkelsesværdige kampe. For eksempel ødelagde en større brand næsten en tredjedel af Cudahy-anlægget i september 1906. [11] Virksomheden oplevede også barrierer for sit største udenlandske marked, da kongressen vedtog nye takster i årene efter Første Verdenskrig, og Storbritannien reagerede med mandater om, at landbrugsprodukter, ligesom kød, skulle importeres fra Commonwealth -lande frem for USA [12]

Patrick Cudahy var stolt over at opretholde en "åben butik", og virksomheden kæmpede ofte og inderligt for at forpurre fagforeningers bestræbelser gennem sin historie. [13] Under anden verdenskrig leverede Cudahy Brothers store mængder kød til militæret, men nægtede at efterkomme National War Labor Board's ordre om at opretholde fagforeningsmedlemskab og afgifter checkoff -systemer. [14] For at undgå en potentiel afbrydelse af krigsproduktionen og tvinge virksomhedens overholdelse beslaglagde den amerikanske hær Cudahy -anlægget under præsidentordre den 8. december 1944 og fortsatte besættelsen indtil krigens slutning. [15]

Cudahy-familien bevarede kontrollen over firmaet indtil 1971, da de solgte det til Philadelphia-baserede Bluebird, Inc. [16] Flere virksomhedsopkøb fandt sted, indtil et kinesisk kødforarbejdningsfirma i 2013 købte Smithfield Foods, Inc. og med det firmaet, der engang var kendt som Cudahy Brothers. [17]

I løbet af de sidste årtier af det tyvende århundrede gennemgik virksomheden betydelige kampe. For eksempel gik Cudahy -arbejdere ud i strejke i januar 1987, efter at virksomheden reducerede lønninger og fordele for at gøre virksomheden mere konkurrencedygtig. Denne særligt bitre strejke varede næsten 28 måneder og sluttede efter, at en gruppe arbejdere mislykkedes i et forsøg på at købe virksomheden i april 1989. [18] I løbet af den fjerde juli weekend i 2009 landede en ulovligt fremskaffet militær bluss på plantens tag og udløste en større brand, der næsten ødelagde hele komplekset. Denne begivenhed - som er blevet karakteriseret som den største strukturbrand i Wisconsin -historien - forårsagede $ 187,7 millioner i skader og fortrængte 1.400 arbejdere i cirka tre måneder, før komplekset blev genopbygget og taget i brug igen. [19] Patrick Cudahy er fortsat Milwaukees sidste kødpakkecenter og laver bacon, skinke, delikatesser og en række andre svinekødsprodukter.

Fodnoter [+]

    Paul E. Geib, "'Everything but the Squeal': Milwaukee Stockyards and Meat-Packing Industry, 1840-1930," Wisconsin Magazine of History 78, nej. 1 (efterår 1994): 15 Patrick Cudahy, Patrick Cudahy: Hans liv. (Milwaukee: Burdick & amp, Allen, 1912), 13.-16. Cudahy, Patrick Cudahy, 43-47, 54, 60. Cudahy, Patrick Cudahy, 73-76 "Patrick Cudahy," i Hvem er hvem i Amerika, bind. 3, red. John William Leonard og Albert Nelson Marquis, (Chicago, IL: Marquis Who's Who, 1903), 344. Cudahy, Patrick Cudahy, 76-77, 89. Geib, "Alt andet end hvinen", 15 Cudahy, Patrick Cudahy, 101 Bayrd Stadig, Milwaukee: Historien om en by (Madison, WI: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1948), 333-334. Patrick Cudahy, Inc., 110 års godhed fejres: Patrick Cudahy, 1888-1998 (Cudahy, WI: Patrick Cudahy, 1998), 2 Geib, "Everything but the Squeal", 15 Cudahy, Patrick Cudahy, 110-111 Stadig, Milwaukee, 334. Patrick Cudahy, Inc., 110 års godhed fejres, 2 Geib, "Alt andet end hvinen", 15-16 Cudahy, Patrick Cudahy, 114-115, 131-132, 136-139 John Gurda, Milwaukees fremstilling (Milwaukee: Milwaukee County Historical Society, 1999), 168-169, 183-184. Patrick Cudahy, Inc., 110 års godhed fejres, 11. Geib, "Alt andet end hvinen", 16 Patrick Cudahy, Inc., 110 års godhed fejres, 5. Patrick Cudahy, Inc., 110 års godhed fejres, 4-5. Patrick Cudahy, Inc., 110 års godhed fejres., 6 Cudahy, Patrick Cudahy, 193-194. Patrick Cudahy, Inc., 110 års godhed fejres, 8. Cudahy, Patrick Cudahy, 134-135 Jonathan Rees, "Fanget i midten: beslaglæggelsen og besættelsen af ​​Cudahy Brothers Company, 1944-1945," Wisconsin Magazine of History 78, nej. 3 (forår 1995): 205-206. Rees, "Fanget i midten", 207-208. "OS. Kører Cudahy Plant, ” Milwaukee Sentinel, 9. december 1944, sek. 1, s. 1, 2 Rees, "Fanget i midten", 200-201, 214-216. Patrick Cudahy blev efterfulgt som virksomhedens præsident af sin søn, Michael, efter at han døde i 1919, og Michael blev efterfulgt af hans søn, Richard, i 1961. Patrick Cudahy, Inc., 110 års godhed fejres, 8, 11-12. Patrick Cudahy, Inc., 110 års godhed fejres, 14-15 Jeff Engel, "Patrick Cudahy ændrer sig ikke meget under nyt kinesisk moderselskab," Milwaukee Business Journal, 3. oktober 2013. Patrick Cudahy, Inc., 110 års godhed fejres, 15 Michael Gordon, “Hukommelse og ydeevne i iscenesættelse Linjen i Milwaukee: Et skuespil om den bitre Patrick Cudahy-strejke fra 1987-1989, ”i Husk: Oral History Performance, red. Della Pollock (New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005), 86-87 Jeff Cole, "2-års strejke over på Patrick Cudahy," Milwaukee Sentinel, 1. maj 1989, sek. 1, s. 1, 7. Tom Held, "Fire Guts Cudahy Kødpakkeri", JSOnline, 6. juli 2009, http://www.jsonline.com/news/milwaukee/50091637.html Joe Taschler, "Snart begynder Patrick Cudahy at genopbygge," JSOnline, 21. marts 2011 Bruce Vielmetti, "Dommer til at bestemme, hvor meget amerikanske skylder i Patrick Cudahy Fire," JSOnline, 24. november 2015.

Til yderligere læsning

Patrick Cudahy, Inc. 110 års godhed fejres. Cudahy: Patrick Cudahy, Inc., 1998.

Cudahy, Patrick. Patrick Cudahy: Hans liv. Milwaukee: Burdick og Allen, 1912.

Rees, John. "Fanget i midten: beslaglæggelsen og besættelsen af ​​Cudahy Brothers Company, 1944-1945." Wisconsin Magazine of History 78, nej. 3 (forår 1995): 200-218.

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Mike Grebe ’s Conservative Cudahy Condo

Det er kun en kort gåtur fra Bradley Foundation, hvor Grebe dagligt kæmper for at gøre os alle konservative.

Cudahy. Foto af Michael Horne.

Cudahy, bygget i 1908, er en af ​​de få bygninger i nationen — og den eneste i Milwaukee —, der har været en førsteklasses boligadresse i over et århundrede. Det tilstødende 14-etagers Cudahy-tårn (ikke “Towers ”), bygget som et lejlighedshotel, har ligeledes haft en stjerneliste og næsten samlet belægning siden det blev tilføjet i 1929

Siden konstruktionen har Cudahy, designet af Ferry og Clas, udholdt to verdenskrige, en depression og forstadsflyvning uden at formindske bygningens prestige. I 1988 daværende ejer Michael Cudahy tømte lejlighederne for deres lejere, tilføjede et penthouse-gulv og forvandlede bygningen til luksuriøse ejerlejligheder og bad så meget som $ 125.000 for byvendte enheder og tredobbelt for dem, der stod over for søen og#8212 rekordpriser dengang. [Cudahy beholder ejerskabet af tårnet, der fortsat er en førsteklasses lejebolig.]

Cudahy, med sin makeløse udsigt over søen og nærheden til centrum, har tiltrukket en række fremtrædende Milwaukeeans som beboere. Nogle har behandlet det som en slags vejstation for at tilbringe et årti eller deromkring mellem deres forstæderpalæer og plejehjemmene længere oppe ad N. Prospect Ave., som de til sidst går på pension. Det har længe været en udvej for enker, og den dag i dag ejes de fleste af dets 43 enheder af kvinder, herunder Barbara Kohl, Barb Stein og Betty Quadracci.

Michael W. Grebe, vores House Confidential Honoree i denne uge, kommer til Cudahy via Village of River Hills, hvor han boede i mange år på N. Range Line Road, mens formand for Foley og Lardner, Milwaukee ’s ældste og største advokatfirma.

Ved pensionering sikrede Grebe en ny koncert som præsident og administrerende direktør for Lynde og Harry Bradley Foundation, der ligger lige op ad gaden i The Lion House, 1241 N. Franklin Pl. Fonden, med 2012 -aktiver på $ 615 millioner, ydede $ 31 millioner i tilskud det år, herunder omkring $ 7 millioner til støtte for borgerlige og kulturelle programmer i sin hjemby.

Meget af resten af ​​dets tilskud gik til konservative organisationer, som Heritage Foundation, Ethics and Public Policy Center, Cato Institute, American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC), National Tax Limitation Foundation og andre grupper. Det finansierede for nylig en rapport, der var kritisk over for Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction, med titlen “DPI ’s War on Wisconsin ’s School Choice Program. ”

Grebe afviste for nylig kritik af, at fonden finansierer anti-islamiske programmer og sagde, at gruppen også har støttet moderate-islamiske organisationer.

Grebe er godt betalt af fonden og tjente omkring $ 232.000 sidste år, ned fra 2003, da han tjente $ 529.000 der. Alligevel ikke et dårligt stykke forandring, især oven på Foley og Lardner pensionistløn, og rigeligt nok til at have råd til 4. sals midterste enhed i Cudahy, der vurderes til $ 72.200 for jorden og $ 529.200 for forbedringerne for en i alt $ 601.400. Skatter på enheden, en af ​​43 i Cudahy, er $ 17.821,78 og betales fuldt ud.

Tårntilførslen fra 1929, Milwaukee ’s første boligblok, blev bygget på jord købt af Munkwitz Co. i 1924 af Patrick Cudahy Family Co., og er 231 fod høj til toppen af ​​sit spidse tag. Det blev designet af Holabird og Root fra Chicago. Begge strukturer er skeletarmeret beton med betonpladegulve og bjælker, en af ​​grundene til, at de har kunnet forblive i så god form. Tårnet havde 120 lejligheder i 1968, og sandsynligvis lidt færre i dag, da mange enheder er blevet kombineret. Tårnet fungerede som et beboelseshotel, stort set på rækkefølge af de nærliggende Astor- og Knickerbocker -bygninger, hvoraf ingen af ​​dem nogensinde nærmede sig Cudahy med hensyn til status eller eclat.

Eleanor Roosevelt, mens førstedame, blev i Cudahy -tårnet, da hun kom til byen i 1936 for at indvie landsbyen Greendale. Det næste år fastslog appelkammeret, at “Swedish Institute of Massage, ” foreslog at åbne der, var acceptabelt. Massagens tilstedeværelse skal klassificeres under sanatorium og være tilladt i et boligkvarter. Kinesisk restaurant, kolonialværelset og Fleur de Lis, ejet af Paul “ Fransk ” LaPorte.

I 1959 låste Frenchy uventet dørene til restauranten og flyttede ud og sagde, at huslejen var for høj. Dette afskrækkede ikke Michael Cudahy fra at flytte en planlagt cocktailfest fra restauranten til lobbyen i sin lejlighedsbygning, som han stadig ejer.

RUNDT

  • Stil: Beaux Arts -lejlighedsbygning
  • Sted: Milwaukee by
  • Kvarter: Juneau Town, Milwaukee ’s 3. mest gangbare kvarter
  • Pendler: Grebe kan nå det til sit kontor i løvehuset, 0,65 km derfra, til fods på 12 minutter, men han kan køre dertil om 5 eller hoppe på bussen på tværs af gaden.
  • Walk Score: 85 ud af 100. “Very Walkable” Sandsynligvis mere gangbar, end scoren indikerer. [Cudahy -tårnet scorer 89 ud af 100.]
  • Street Smart Walk Score: 93 ud af 100 “Walker ’s Paradise. ”
  • Transit Score: 56 ud af 100. “God transit”
  • Størrelse: 2.501 kvadratmeter plus en parkeringsplads i garagen.
  • Byggeår: 1908
  • Vurderet værdi: Jord - $ 72.200 forbedringer - $ 529.200 i alt $ 601.400
  • Skatter: $ 17.821,78 Fuldt betalt

OM MICHAEL GREBE

Michael Grebe tjente i årtier som advokat hos Foley & amp Lardner, begyndende i 1970, blev partner i 1977 og steg til at blive dets administrerende direktør, en stilling han havde fra 1994-2002. I mellemtiden var han stærkt involveret i republikansk politik, både i Wisconsin og nationalt. Han fungerede som generaladvokat for det republikanske nationale udvalg og var den republikanske nationale komitémand for Wisconsin fra 1984 til 2002. Han var delegeret til republikanske nationale konventioner fra 1984 til 2000.

Grebe fungerede som kampagnestol for Wisconsin ’s tidligere republikanske amerikanske senator Bob Kasten. I begyndelsen af ​​1980'erne overvejede Grebe alvorligt at stille op til guvernør, men besluttede til sidst imod det.

Hans stil som Bradley ’s CEO har været meget anderledes end hans forgænger, den sene Michael Joyce. Joyce elskede at kæmpe med liberale og skrev redaktioner og kom med frittalende kommentarer, der kritiserede liberale og liberale ideer. Han blev meget kritiseret for at bruge Bradley-penge til at hjælpe med at finansiere “ The Bell Curve, ” bogen medforfatter af Charles Murray, der argumenterede for, at der var racemæssige forskelle i intelligens. Grebe ser ud til at have taget en bevidst lavmælt tilgang, mens han stille og roligt finansierede stadig flere organisationer for at hjælpe med at flytte nationen — og Wisconsin — til højre.

Nogle iagttagere har antydet, at Grebe har været med til at konstruere den konservative revolution under tilsyn af Gov. Scott Walker. Grebe fungerede som formand for Walker ’s 2010-kampagnen for guvernør og har givet midler til grupper som ALEC, som hjalp med at skrive modelregninger til konservativ lovgivning vedtaget af statens GOP-kontrollerede lovgiver. Grebe og Bradley har også finansieret et væld af nye højreorienterede publikationer, som kan være afhængige af at støtte Walker, som Urban Milwaukee-redaktør Bruce Murphy har skrevet. Og Bradley Foundation yder finansiering til amerikanerne til velstand, som yder støtte til Tea Party, som har haft stor indflydelse nationalt og i Wisconsin.

Som “Fairly Conservative ” blogger Cindy Kilkenny har udtrykt det: “ At være republikaner i Wisconsin betyder, at du er en Michael W. Grebe -republikaner. I stigende grad betyder det at være republikaner i amerikansk, at du er en Michael W. Grebe -republikaner. ”


HOLLYWOODLAND

På denne tid af året er vores tanker om spøgelser og nisser og ting der støder om natten. Uheld og overtro har fulgt Hollywood og dem, der boede og arbejdede der længe før filmfolket ankom.

Et hus, der havde sin andel af uheld og tragedie, blev bygget på det nordøstlige hjørne af Hollywood Boulevard og Fuller Street for mere end 100 år siden. Gossip -klummeskribent, Louella Parsons, kaldte hjemmet, der engang stod på 7269 Hollywood Boulevard, "jinx -palæet." I løbet af de femogtyve år af dets eksistens var det hjemsted for en købmand, grundlægger af en kødemballage og en Hollywood-filmproducent og hans filmstjernekone. Alle oplevede ulykke og hjertesorg under deres ophold der.

Byggeren og første beboer i "jinx -palæet" var George A. Ralphs, grundlæggeren af ​​Ralphs købmand, den største fødevareforhandler i det sydlige Californien. Hver Angelino har på et eller andet tidspunkt handlet hos en Ralphs.

George Albert Ralphs blev født i Joplin, Missouri, i 1850. Hans familie flyttede til Californien på en prærieskonnert og et åg okser, da han var dreng. I Kansas sluttede de sig til en campingvogn, og da de nåede Colorado, blev de angrebet af indianere. Halvdelen af ​​campingvognen blev adskilt i kampen, og der blev aldrig hørt noget ord fra dem igen. Det formodes, at de blev massakreret.

Den resterende campingvogn ankom til Los Angeles efter atten måneders rejse. Da han var bosat, blev George Ralphs uddannet som ekspert murer. Efter at have mistet en arm i en ulykke, opgav han murerarbejde og fandt arbejde som ekspedient i en lille købmand. I 1873 havde han sparet penge nok til at købe sin egen købmand på Sixth og Spring Streets. Fra da af havde Ralphs fremgang og drev tre af de største butikker i Los Angeles.

I 1897 giftede Ralphs sig med Wallula von Keith og sammen fik de to børn: Albert og Annabel. In May 1913, Ralphs began construction on a new house on a three-acre lot in Hollywood that he reportedly bought from George Dunlap, the town’s second mayor.

Located on the north side of Hollywood Boulevard at Fuller Street, architect Frank M. Tyler designed the Mission Revival house at a cost of $35,000. With a plastered exterior and a red clay tile roof, the house had sixteen rooms with three baths. The interior was richly furnished in oak and mahogany onyx and tile mantels adorned the fireplaces. There was a tennis court on the property, and a swimming pool which was emptied often to water the citrus orchards.

The Ralphs mansion as it looked shortly after being constructed

On June 21, 1914, a few months after moving into the house, Ralphs took his family for a week-end outing to the San Bernardino Mountains near Lake Arrowhead. He had just gone up Waterman’s Canyon with his wife and children for an early morning stroll and, having walked a little faster than the others, sat on a boulder to wait for them to catch up.

As his wife approached, he moved over to allow her sit beside him when the boulder, weighing about three tons, gave way and rolled twenty feet down the canyon, carrying Ralphs with it. His leg was caught beneath the boulder and nearly torn from the socket. He was rushed to the Ramona Hospital (now Community Hospital of San Bernardino) where his leg was amputated. Ralphs came out of the anesthetic shortly after, and talked to his wife for a few minutes but he went into shock. George Ralphs died within the hour at 4:15 o’clock that afternoon.

Ralphs body was returned to his home in Hollywood where funeral services were held. The Ralphs grocery stores were closed that day in memory of their founder. After the service, Ralphs was buried in Evergreen Cemetery.

The grave of Ralph’s grocery store founder, George A. Ralphs at Evergreen Cemetery

Mrs. Ralphs remained in the Hollywood mansion for several years, sometimes living there, and at other times, renting it out to such well-known residents as Mira Hershey, owner of the Hollywood Hotel and to actor Douglas Fairbanks. On August 20, 1918, Mrs. Ralphs hosted a political garden party in honor of California Governor, William D. Stephens and as a fund raiser for the war effort.

However, the “jinx” continued.

In 1920, Mrs. Ralphs leased the mansion to John “Jack” P. Cudahy, the son of the millionaire meat-packer, Michael Cudahy. The town of Cudahy, California which is east of Los Angeles, was named for the family.

In 1899, Jack Cudahy married Edna Cowin, daughter of General John Clay Cowin of Omaha. They had four children, Edna, Marie, Anne and Michael. For a time, Cudahy was general manager of his father’s packing plant in Kansas City. While there, he and his wife became estranged after Cudahy attacked Jere Lillis, the president of the Western Exchange Bank, who he suspected of having an affair with his wife. They were divorced, but reconciled two years later and were remarried, living in Pasadena, California.

Cudahy, however, had his problems. In 1914, he was sued for $30,000 in damages after throwing a doctor’s wife against a table. After a stint in the army, Cudahy was given a medical discharge following a nervous breakdown. In 1919, he was sued by the Hotel Maryland for failure to pay a two-year hotel bill amounting to almost $10,000.

Shortly after moving into the Ralphs mansion, Cudahy was under a doctor’s care for an extremely nervous condition and for insomnia. In early April 1921, he disappeared for ten days and it was later learned that he had been living at the Rosslyn Hotel under a fictitious name. Previous to that he had spent three months in a sanatorium.

At the time, Cudahy was reportedly having financial problems. On April 19, 1921, he received a letter from a trust company in Chicago stating that they would not carry a loan unless his sister Clara would vouch for him. Later that night, Clara sent her brother a telegram briefly stating, “Sorry, but find it impossible to do what you ask.”

John Cudahy’s death certificate (click on image to enlarge)

The following morning, at about 10:30am, Cudahy went into his bathroom, retrieved his Winchester shotgun which he used for trap-shooting, and went to his bedroom. Edna claimed that he did not seem to be unusually despondent. At exactly 11:45am, Edna was in her dressing room when she heard a gun shot and rushed into her husband’s bedroom where she found him dead. He had committed suicide by blowing off the top of his head. John Cudahy was buried at Calvary Cemetery in East Los Angeles.

Edna and her children moved out of the house shortly after her husband’s suicide. Thirteen years later she was living in a mansion near Vine Street and Franklin Avenue in Hollywood. Actor Lou Tellegen, who had fallen on hard times, was living with her and committed suicide in his bathroom by stabbing himself in his heart seven times with a pair of scissors.

After Cudahy’s suicide, the mansion stood empty for about a year. In October 1922, Mrs. Ralphs sold the house and property to a local realty company for $150,000. They planned to demolish the house and build a 350 room apartment hotel at a cost of one million dollars. For unknown reasons, the hotel was never built and the mansion was spared.

Norma Talmadge and Joseph Schenck

Film producer, Joseph M. Schenck and his wife, actress Norma Talmadge, were the next owners of the “jinx mansion.” The Schenck’s, who were married in 1916, probably moved into the house in late 1922 or early 1923. For the first few years their lives were routine, at least for film people, with the exception of several break-ins in which Norma’s jewelry was stolen.

Gradually, the couple began to grow apart. They separated in 1927 and moved into separate residences Norma to an elegant West Hollywood apartment building on Harper Avenue, and Schenck moved to a large house in Beverly Hills. They remained married, however, and kept ownership of the Hollywood Boulevard mansion.

In July 1930, Talmadge traveled to Europe for a rest amid rumors that they were getting divorced but the couple denied the rumors, each claiming they were still in love. The following year, Talmadge asked for a divorce and Schenck agreed but she never filed for it. In 1932, she asked again for a divorce and traveled to Europe, supposedly to get one, but once there, she denied the so-called rumors.

During 1932 alone, the Schenck divorce rumors were many and were announced and denied several times. In the meantime, she had an affair with comedian George Jessel until finally, in April 1934, Talmadge and Schenck were divorced in Juarez, Mexico. Three weeks later Norma married Jessel.

The Talmadge-Schenck home as it looked from Fuller Street in the 1920s

Above is the site from the same angle on Fuller Street as it looks today

During all of this, the Schenck’s kept the mansion, and may have rented it out but Schenck reportedly moved back after the divorce. In May 1936, Schenck redecorated the property, adding a two-story cabana and a 60-foot swimming pool that replaced the one installed by the Ralphs, which was filled in by the Cudahy’s.

Notice of Schenck auction (click on image to enlarge)

Bad luck continued to follow Schenck. In 1936, he agreed to pay a bribe to avoid strikes with the unions, but because he made the payoff with a personal check, it came to the attention of the IRS and he was eventually convicted of income tax evasion. In 1940, he finally sold the Hollywood Boulevard “jinx mansion” and all its furnishings in an auction, supposedly to help pay his legal fees. In 1946, Schenck spent time in prison before being granted a pardon by President Harry Truman.

After Schenck sold the mansion, it was razed to make way for Peyton Hall, the first apartment house to go up on Hollywood Boulevard west of La Brea. The colonial-style garden apartment complex included more than 70 apartments. A red carpet rolled all the way from the grand portico to Hollywood Boulevard. There were discreet private entrances and a loudspeaker on the grounds that summoned stars to the studios.

The architect and builders kept the 60-foot swimming pool that Joseph Schenck installed four years earlier and it was used by the residents, including Shelley Winters and Johnny Weissmuller, who once jumped from the roof into the deep end. Other celebrity residents at Peyton Hall included Susan Hayward, George Raft and Janet Gaynor. Cary Grant stayed there during World War II and Claudette Colbert actually owned the complex and sold it in 1946 for about $450,000 to the first of a succession of owners. In 1960, an investment group bought it for $790,000.

In 2013, Peter Chaconas, aka “MR PETE” (Best Host Emmy winner for KTLA, Channel 5 – 1990), who once lived in Peyton Hall, told Hollywoodland:

“I moved into Peyton Hall in 1976. Living there were Richard Guthrie (Days of our Lives), Dave Fleisher (brother of Max-both of Popeye cartoon fame), McLean Stevenson (MOSE), Herman Hover (who had managed Ciro’s), Timothy Patrick Murphy (actor), and Bill Miller (the first Brad in the Rocky Horror Picture Show at the Roxy on Sunset.

“We loved Peyton Hall. I lived in 3 units. A bachelor (just a room w/a bathroom), a studio apartment (with a full kitchen & great stainless steel counters), and a one bedroom-all at 7243 Hollywood Blvd.

“The long pool was amazing (next to the old maids quarters)… Four lanes with hand laid Italian tiles. There was a HUGE old carriage house that we used for parking. You entered from Fuller Street, and also some covered parking near the pool. The movie Eating Raoul was filmed in apartments there.

“We went on a rent strike for 2 years, to try and save the building. We all deposited our rent into a bank account, and tried our best to lobby the city council to give Peyton Hall a landmark status. But, the land was bought by investors from Taiwan and we were all evicted. They gave us around $1,000 each, and three months to get out.

“We were all very proud to have lived there and really loved the fact that our building had SO much Hollywood history. I sat in my Mustang convertible on Hollywood Blvd and watched them tear down the apartments I had lived in. I should have taken pictures. Now an UGLY complex stands where once a beautiful garden apartment was a fantastic home to those who loved Hollywood. RIP Peyton Hall… We did love you.”

Beginning in 1978, preservationists waged a two-year battle to save the landmark complex –but to no avail. Peyton Hall was demolished in the early 1980s and the recently renamed, Vantage Apartments (formerly the Serravella) was built in 1988 and remains there today.

The Vantage Apartments above is the site of the
Ralphs-Cudahy-Schenck-Talmadge mansion and Peyton Hall

Whether you believe in the “jinx mansion” or not is up to the reader—but it makes an interesting story. If you happen be in the neighborhood of the 7200 block of Hollywood Boulevard on Halloween night, do so at your own risk.


On November 27, 1910, Cudahy died of double pneumonia at a Chicago hospital. He is buried in Calvary Cemetery in Evanston, Illinois.

Cudahy dropped out of school at age 14 and found a job working at Layton and Plankinton, an area meat packing plant. He worked his way up the ranks and was eventually because a private meat inspector. By 1869, Cudahy was a manager in charge of the packing house at Plankinton Armour. In 1873, he was made partner in Armour and Company.

With the help of his brothers Edward and Patrick Cudahy, he established the Cudahy Packing Company in South Omaha, Nebraska in 1890.

Ejendom

By the late 19th century, Cudahy had become a wealthy man living a comfortable life. He took an interest in Mackinac Island, Michigan as a summer home. He also owned a home in Hubbard’s Annex on the island in the late 19th century, which he later sold to his brother Edward. He then went to California in 1897 and traded in real estate to expand his fortune. He returned to Mackinac Island in 1904 and bought , making him one of the largest landowners on Mackinac Island. In 1908, Cudahy sold his share of the Cudahy Meatpacking Company and acquired a 2,800 acre (11&nbspkm²) Rancho San Antonio east of Los Angeles, California. He subdivided the ranch and sold it as one acre (4,000 m²) lots. This area was incorporated in 1960 as the City of Cudahy, California.

Cudahy handpicked renowned architect Frederick Perkins to fulfill his visions of a West Bluff mansion. Perkins also designed the Governors Mansion on the island. In 1904, construction was completed on his mansion which he named Stonecliffe which was the largest private home on Mackinac Island. It went through a number of owners after Cudahy’s death in 1910. In 1970, Stonecliffe was purchased by an entrepreneur named George Steffan who converted the mansion and associated buildings into a first class resort hotel called The Inn at Stonecliffe in which capacity it continues to function to this day.


Michael Cudahy - History

The Irish-born Cudahy brothers started working in the Milwaukee meat business in the early 1860s there they met Philip Armour, whom they followed to Chicago during the 1870s. In the years that followed, the Cudahys operated small packing plants in Chicago. In 1887, with Armour&aposs backing, Michael Cudahy and his brothers started an Armour-Cudahy packing plant in Omaha, Nebraska. The Cudahy Packing Co. was created in 1890, when Michael bought Armour&aposs interest. Over the next 30 years, the company added branches across the country, including a cleaning products plant at East Chicago, Indiana, built in 1909. In 1911, the company&aposs headquarters were transferred from Omaha to Chicago. By the mid-1920s, Cudahy was one of the nation&aposs leading food companies, with over $200 million in annual sales and 13,000 employees around the country. Although it was hard hit by the Great Depression, the company still employed about 1,000 Chicago-area residents during the mid-1930s. Following World War II, the company moved its headquarters first to Omaha and, in 1965, to Phoenix, where it took the name Cudahy Co. During the 1970s, after it was purchased by General Host, Cudahy was dismantled.

Denne post er en del af Encyclopedia & aposs Dictionary of Leading Chicago Businesses (1820-2000), der blev udarbejdet af Mark R. Wilson, med yderligere bidrag fra Stephen R. Porter og Janice L. Reiff.


Novices threaten Cudahy’s status quo

They have no money, no name recognition and no political experience.

But that didn’t stop Daniel Cota, an elementary school teacher, and Luis Garcia, a former city maintenance supervisor, from recently filing to run for the Cudahy City Council.

That’s news in this tiny Latino working-class suburb southeast of Los Angeles because there hasn’t been a contested election here since 1999.

“A lot of people want change,” said Cota, who once worked on a city street crew. “They don’t like the way things are being run.”

The candidates said City Hall needs more independent voices. They worry about a City Council that often votes in unison and is closely allied with City Manager George Perez, considered by many to be the most powerful person in town.

For his part, Perez dismissed the challengers as “disgruntled former city employees,” saying a united City Council is essential to progress in a town where fewer than a quarter of adult residents are believed to be U.S. citizens.

“Everybody gets along and everybody supports the council,” said Perez, a longtime Cudahy employee who sports a tattoo of the city’s logo on his leg. “It does scare me that special interests can come in and divide this city.”

His critics say Perez -- whom some call a cacique, a Mexican term for political boss -- has created a political culture in Cudahy resembling Mexico’s when it was a one-party state.

“It’s kind of suspicious that on every issue,” Garcia said, no one on the City Council has “a difference of opinion.”

Cudahy started out as a ranch owned by Omaha meatpacker Michael Cudahy, who moved west in the late 1800s to raise sheep and hogs. Later, he subdivided his land into 100-by-395-foot parcels.

Known as Cudahy Acres, the town was defined for years by the large, narrow parcels that gave it a rural feel in an increasingly urban swath.

After World War II, Cudahy, like its neighbors, emerged as a blue-collar town of white residents. General Motors, Chrysler, Firestone and Bethlehem Steel factories formed the southeast area’s industrial spine.

“When I first moved here, within a radius of five to 10 miles, you had good-paying union jobs,” said Mayor Frank Gurule, a retired business manager for the local carpenters union. “All that’s gone. Now all we have is McDonald’s and Jack in the Box.”

As factories disappeared in the late 1970s, so did the area’s white residents. Neighboring cities subdivided into single-family homes, but Cudahy Acres gave way to enormous stucco apartment complexes.

Three decades later, the city of 25,655 is the state’s second densest, after nearby Maywood. The town is 94% Latino, and almost half its population is younger than 19.

Of the city’s 5,800 housing units, 5,000 are rentals. The median household income is $29,040 and the two largest employers are the Kmart/Big Lots Center and Superior Super Warehouse.

Most who remain settle at the bottom of the region’s low-wage economy, said Francelia Vargas, 19, a cashier at a local market who has lived here most of her life.

“They settle for their American dream, which is a minimum-wage job,” said Vargas, who is also an English major at Long Beach City College. “I’m trying to leave this city.”

Against this socioeconomic backdrop, Perez, 46, has emerged as an unusually powerful city manager.

As a youth, Perez worked as a janitor for the city. By the mid-1990s, he was elected to the City Council. And despite lacking management experience or a college degree, he was hired as city manager in 2000.

The Los Angeles County district attorney’s later investigated his hiring for the $120,000-a-year post, but no charges were filed.

Former City Councilwoman Araceli Gonzalez said Cudahy suffers from “democracy in disarray, without checks and balances.”

Many of the city’s residents are uneducated and come from Mexico and other Latin American countries where machine politics are the norm, she said. Many people can’t vote many who can vote don’t, she said.

Perez has eliminated any organization that could pose a political threat, Gonzalez said. For instance, the city stopped funding the Cudahy Chamber of Commerce, which dissolved, and the nonprofit Cudahy Youth Foundation, she said. The foundation is now run by Perez.

“He got rid of all the support that any council member could have outside of him,” Gonzalez said.

Perez said the city stopped supporting the chamber because “City Hall would be able to handle any and all issues that the business community may have.”

But merchants along Atlantic Avenue complain that Korean investors are purchasing some of the town’s few strip malls and dramatically raising rents, causing many businesses to leave.

Miguel Duenas, owner of a driving school on the avenue, said his rent almost doubled in the last two years. Nine shops in the strip mall are empty and tenants fear the owners may be using the shopping center as a tax write-off.

“You go to the city and no one’s interested,” Duenas said.

Perez acknowledges he’s viewed by some as a political boss. But he maintains that he has done a good job managing the city’s finances and opening up City Hall jobs and services to Latinos.

The city, which has a $7.9-million annual budget, boasts a $3.8-million reserve, the largest in its history, Perez said. People are happy with their city government, he said, adding that town hall meetings regularly draw crowds of 200.

“We are extremely hands-on, dealing with every single issue that comes across [the City Council’s] desk,” he said. “There is nothing that gets past us.”

Maria Espinoza, a Cudahy day-care operator, said she considers the city manager her friend. “Any problem I have,” she said, “I call him and he takes care of it.”

Gurule, who is running for reelection, said council elections have not been contested in the past because “we are doing a fairly good job. Most of the people seem to be happy.”

Others say the town hall meetings are examples of a machine culture that is meant to keep the same people in power.

After each meeting, the five City Council members together raffle off numerous toys and household items. Cudahy also holds monthly food giveaways.

People “are attracted to the gifts,” Cota said.

The challengers said they want to provide more openness at City Hall and to keep people better informed. They point out that a city newsletter rarely circulates. And the city’s website -- www.cudahy.ca.us-- hasn’t been updated since 1999. It still lists the city’s area code as 213 instead of 323.

“That’s just a reflection of where we are right now,” Cota said. “They want to keep the doors shut.”

If elected, Cota and Garcia said, they want to improve educational opportunities, combat gangs and lure more businesses to town.

But they know they face an uphill battle.

A friend of the candidates, Tony Mendoza, had also planned to run for a council seat in the March 6 election. But Mendoza received threatening messages on his answering machine, telling him to leave Cudahy, Cota and Garcia said.

Mendoza didn’t file his candidacy papers in time to meet the Dec. 1 deadline. He could not be reached for comment.

Recently, Garcia said, his Dodge Ram pickup truck was spray-painted with graffiti. Neither Garcia nor Cota is sure that the incidents are tied to their plan to run for council, which has been well known in Cudahy for weeks.

“That’s for the police to find out,” Garcia said. But “it’s funny how this graffiti and these threats came in at the same time we were due to file for council.”

As the campaign gets underway, Cota said, he and his allies know they will battle political apathy and resignation that many immigrants bring with them.

But Cota said he is undeterred.

“Once they see a few individuals out there trying to make a change, they wake up,” Cota said. “They need that energy, that drive, that little push.”

Meanwhile, Perez said, his supporters are happy about the challenge.

“We are not going to allow people who have worked with the city and are upset to come in and tear things apart.”


Michael Cudahy, the eldest of the Cudahy meatpacking brothers, was born in Count Kilkenny, Ireland, and immigrated to Milwaukee with his family in 1849, to escape the Great Irish Famine. The Cudahy brothers helped innovate and grow the meatpacking industry at a critical time, rising from poverty to become some of the wealthiest men in the nation.

At age fourteen, Michael began working for a Milwaukee meatpacker, working his way up to inspector, and then superintendent of the packing house of Plankinton and Armour. By 1875, he was made a partner in Armour & Company, serving as superintendent of the company’s Chicago plant at Union Stock Yards. With Philip D. Armour, he founded Armour Cudahy in Omaha, 1887. In 1890, he traded shares with Armour, establishing the independent Cudahy Packing Company in Omaha. The headquarters moved to Chicago after Michael’s death.

Brothers Patrick and John continued to develop the business in Milwaukee, and eventually Cudahy Packing also had major operations in Kansas City, Sioux City, Wichita, Memphis, Salt Lake City, and Los Angeles.

The Cudahy brothers, and later, their children, helped revolutionize the meatpacking industry, first shifting from barreled pork to a cured meat business. They developed a process of summer curing meat in stationery refrigeration units, so it was available year-round. Cudahy responded to European tariffs and wartime food supply needs by shifting to serve the domestic market. In 1957, Cudahy Company was one of 500 companies listed in the first S&P 500.


Michael Cudahy - History

A History of the Cudahy Family Library

The history of Cudahy Family Library is the story of continuing community support for the cultural and educational values it represents. Mrs. Barney Eaton, wife of the Village of Cudahy's first President, provided the impetus for the founding of the first Library. The wives and children of the early immigrants from Europe were taught to read and write English by Mrs. Eaton, who shared her own books with them. Working with Lutie Stearns, a field supervisor for the Wisconsin Free Library Commission, Mrs. Eaton convinced Otto Frank to open a small library in the back of his drug store on Packard Avenue in 1906. Just a few years later, Mr. Frank notified the Cudahy Common Council that his store space was becoming overcrowded. In 1913, the Council granted a $50 appropriation to move the Library to the old Cudahy City Hall building, with the city clerk acting as librarian.

The first contract with the Milwaukee County Board of Supervisors was signed in 1916, making it possible for Cudahy to borrow books from the Milwaukee Public Library. This heritage of sharing materials with other municipalities has remained in effect ever since.

In 1937, the Library moved to a rented space at 3701 E. Layton Ave. The Board of Vocational and Adult Education offered quarters for the Library in the Vocational School, located at the corner of Squire and Swift Avenues, in 1940, and the Library moved once again. During World War II, hundreds of Cudahy's young citizens were inducted into the armed forces, and the Cudahy Service League was formed in 1943 to raise money for a memorial building for all those who had served their country. By 1944, the League decided that a library would be the most suitable memorial, and the Municipal Memorial Building Commission was created to assist with the building plans. Working together, the League and the Commission conducted a citywide fundraising campaign during 1944 and 1945 and raised $82,000, far short of the $165,000 needed to construct the building. In 1949, a group of Cudahy's leading industrialists adopted the War Memorial Library as their own project. The giving spirit of these industrialists, including Victor F. Braun, Michael F. Cudahy, Herman W. Ladish, and George L.N. Meyer, as well as the generosity of other Cudahy men and women, built the Library that was erected at the corner of Packard and Plankinton Avenues. The War Memorial Library was dedicated and presented to the City on Memorial Day, 1952. The Cudahy Memorial Library holds the distinction of being the only library building in Milwaukee County financed entirely by private contributions.

As the Library's collections grew, however, the 6,500 square feet of space in the original Cudahy Memorial Library building were quickly filled. Just 15 years after the building was dedicated, the book collection had outgrown the planned building capacity and the library's Activity Room was filled with book shelves housing the Library's periodical collections. Access to the Library was also becoming difficult, with the lack of parking spaces for patrons identified as a major problem in the 1967 annual report. In 1974, extra book stacks were added to help ease overcrowding in the adult and children's collections. The Library Board began planning and fundraising for a new addition, which expanded the memorial facility to 8,300 square feet in 1979. Within a matter of a few years, the expanded facility was again filled, with service and functional areas severely compressed.

In 1995, MCFLS adopted a new library software system, and the County Cat was born. County Cat marked the end of an era at the Cudahy Public Library: the card catalogs were replaced by 22 computer terminals throughout the building. Windt Woodwork made the necessary modifications to the Library's circulation desk and constructed a new reference desk and public computer stations. That same year, new interior signage was installed to help library users better locate desired materials. Starting in 1995, the Library also opened on Sundays, with the expanded hours quickly becoming among the busiest of the week.

The Library Board also continued to plan for the future and had a Library Space Needs and Alternatives Study conducted in 1995 by consultant David R. Smith. Following the recommendations of the study to erect a new facility, a Building Advisory Committee (BAC) was appointed in 1996 to help choose a site for the new Library. Boris Frank was also hired to facilitate the BAC meetings and conduct a fundraising feasibility study. Continuing a long history of support for the Library, the Ladish Foundation donated $40,000 to the Library Board to help fund its efforts in planning for a new building.

Deciding on a site and obtaining funding proved to be challenging tasks for the BAC, with a variety of options being explored and many potential sites considered. Environmental studies were conducted on three different sites, and the feasibility of modifying existing buildings in the City was examined. In 1997, following a recommendation from the BAC, the Library Board voted unanimously to build a new Library on Barland Avenue on property owned by the Ladish Company. Once again demonstrating its commitment to the Library, the Ladish Foundation offered to donate the Barland Avenue land for the new Library building in 1998. The Library Board hired architectural firm Frye Gillan Molinaro to design the new library, and preliminary plans for a 25,000-30,000 square foot facility were drawn. In 1998, the Library also marked the Wisconsin sesquicentennial, an event that the community and the Library celebrated through a year's worth of historical programming.

The Library Board's plan to locate the new Library building on Barland Avenue was not without controversy, however, and the plans for the building were put on hold until an approved location and funding could be determined. Throughout 1999, supporters and detractors of the location met with various community groups, the Common Council, and the Library Board to discuss whether a new library was needed, what size it should be, where it should be located, and how it should be financed. Finally, the issue of the need for a new library and how to pay for it was placed on a public referendum in April 2000. The measure was overwhelmingly approved, with 74.6 percent of the community voting to construct a new library and 61 percent voting to use city tax dollars to do so. Throughout 2000, the school children of Cudahy worked diligently to help raise funds for the children's section in the new Library by conducting a penny drive. The students collected money in jars at their individual schools, then brought the coins in to add to the Library's "penny box" in an effort to fill it to the top with one million pennies.

After months of discussion about where the new library should be built, plans for the new Library came into focus in December 2000, when Burke Properties expressed interest in constructing a four-story condominium building and several townhouses in downtown Cudahy. Proximity to the new Library was a key selling point. The Engberg Anderson architectural firm designed the exterior of the new 27,000 square foot library building, and Frye Gillan Molinaro of Chicago designed the interior space.

The City of Cudahy provided $3.2 million in funding for the almost $5 million project. The remainder of the funding for the new Library was donated by the many generous citizens, corporations, and foundations who believe in the importance of a new Library to serve future generations. Echoing the donation made to the War Memorial Fund more than 50 years ago, Judge Richard D. Cudahy donated $1 million for this new building through the Patrick and Anna M. Cudahy Fund. Paying homage to the legacy of his grandfather, Patrick Cudahy, and his parents, Michael and Alice Cudahy, Judge Richard Cudahy named this new facility the Cudahy Family Library.


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